Teaching Spanish Three Passive Constructions versus English Passive Voice
Keywords:passive constructions, passive voice, English passive voice, Spanish passive constructions, Spanish and English passive forms
There are several differences when forming the passive in Spanish and English. Spanish has passive constructions and English passive voice. Firstly, there is only one main way of constructing the passive voice in English, which is by promotion. That means from an active sentence following the subject +verb +object (SVO) pattern, promotion takes the object and positions it as the subject. In other words, the one being discussed (subject in the active sentence) turns into the receiver of the action (patient). For such reasons, only transitive verbs (the ones that allow direct objects) may be used in the English passive voice. On another note, Spanish constructions are different from English and there are three ways of forming them: â€˜passive serâ€™, â€˜passive estarâ€™ and â€˜passive seâ€™. However, Spanish â€˜passive serâ€™ is the closest form to the English passive voice. This study is based on secondary research that describes and compares Spanish passive constructions and English passive voice.
â€¢ Azar, B. (1989). Understanding and using English grammar. (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc.
â€¢ Babcock, S. (1970). The Syntax of Spanish reflexive verbs. The Hague, Paris: Mouton.
â€¢ DeMello, G. (1979). The semantic values of ser and estar. Hispania, 62, 3, May-Sept, 338-341,
â€¢ Brown, J.D. (1988). Understanding Research in Second Language Learning. London: Cambridge University Press
â€¢ Goldin, M. (2000). Spanish case and function. USA: Georgetown University.
â€¢ Hill, S. & Bradford, W. (2000). Bilingual grammar of English-Spanish syntax. Boston: University Press of America, Inc.
â€¢ King, L. (1992). Current issues in linguistic theory. The semantic structure of Spanish. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publising Company.
â€¢ Quesada, D. (nd). Obituary: Adios to passive in Spanish. La Linguistique, 33, 1, 42-62.
â€¢ Wonder, J. (1997). Las formas reflexivas y la voz pasiva. Hispania, 73, 2, May, 401-411.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.