Needs and Problems of Students with Physical-Motor Disabilities in Transportation, Communication, Bullying and Leisure-Time
Keywords:Bullying, Communication, Leisure-time, Needs, Physical-motor disabilities, Problems, Transportation
A proper respond to the needs and problems of boys students with disabilities, requires the identification of their needs and problems. This study aims to determine the needs and problems of students with physical-motor disabilities in the components of bullying, transportation, communication, and leisure-time. This is a descriptive study. The samples consisted of 150 boys students with physical-motor disabilities from exceptional schools in Tehran, Iran, selected by available sampling method, in the academic year academic year of 2014-2015. The instrument employed in this study was Needs and Problems of Disabled Girls and Women Survey. Investigating the needs and problems of students with physical-motor disabilities generally reveals their priorities in each area. Priority problems related to bullying are neglect and aggressive behavior. Transportation priority problems include inappropriate sidewalks and streets, public transportation inappropriate to their circumstances and needs. Examples of leisure-time priority problems are lack of travel services, specifically to the sports venues and financial problems for using them. Communication priority needs examples include to raise peopleâ€™s awareness of the capabilities of the disabled and their limitations, causing them to be treated as normal people, receiving no pity from others. Transportation priority needs include improving sidewalks and public places and travel services which are specifically tailored to different types of disability. Finally, leisure-time priority needs examples are specific venues for the disabled sports, and entertainment venues for use by disabled people. The final results of this study showed the diversity of the problems and the needs of students with physical-motor disabilities and the necessity of giving attention and taking action plans to address these needs.
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