Studies on Resource Management for Sustainable Ecosystem of Eastern Himalaya
Keywords:Biodiversity, Conservation, Darjeeling himalaya, Natural resources
Soil, water and vegetation are three basic natural resources. Production, conservation, and sustainability of natural resources are constantly threatened by a possibility of improper human interventions and uses of the natural resources. The present study was conducted consecutively three year from March, 2010 to February, 2013 at Regional Research Station (Hill Zone) under the aegis of Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalay, Kalimpong, Â with a view to find out the sustainable management of various natural resources for improved livelihood in Darjeeling â€“Sikkim Himalaya. Natural resource management specifically focuses on a scientific and technical understanding of resources and ecology and the life-supporting capacity of those resources. Our study revealed that farmer usually practice six category of practice for optimum utilization of available resource in the Darjeeling Himalaya. Educational qualification level of the farmers (n = 120) were maximum upto middle school and they got information related to various available natural resources from panchayat office and was followed by blocks level office. Further study at farm level revealed that farmers most often used farm/agriculture publication for getting information on agriculture and other available natural resource. Study revealed that the hill ecology faces degradation land and forest by overexploitation of available resources. This can be manage through some improved practices such as conservation tillage, agroforestry and maintain of soil fertility through improved available technology.
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