Problematic Behaviors Observed among Adolescents and Regarding Factors: Case of Turkey


  • AyÅŸe Åžener Taplak
  • Sevinç Polat


Problematic Behaviors, Adolescents, Nurse, Turkey.


This study was conducted to determine problematic behaviors observed among adolescent in Turkey. The study was conducted as a descriptive and cross-sectional study. The sample group of the study was composed of 131 adolescents aged between 11 and 18 years. It was determined that the leading problem was suicide attempt by 44.4%, the second problem was injuring behaviors by 40.4%, and these problems were followed by other problematic behaviors (15.2%). These results suggest that risky families, children, and adolescents should be detected and followed up by nurses and appropriate interventions should be made.



• Atay, I.M., & Kerimoğlu, E. (2003). Suicidal behavior in adolescents. Turkish Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 10(3), 128-36.

• Bailey, J. A., Hill, K. G., Oesterle, S., Hawkins, J. D. (2009). Parenting practices and problem behavior across three generations: Monitoring, harsh discipline, and drug use in the intergenerational transmission of externalizing behavior. Developmental Psychology, 45, 1214-1226.

• Bayram, G., Dilbaz, N., Holat, H., Bitlis, V., Tüzer, T., Şenol, S. (1995). Sociodemographic characteristics of suicide attempts in adolescents who referred to an emergency ward of a general hospital. Turkish Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 2 (2), 57-63.

• Baker-Henningham, H., Walker, S., Powell, C., Meeks-Gard¬ner, J. (2009). A pilot study of the ıncredible years teacher train¬ing programme and a curriculum unit on social and emotional skills in community pre-schools in Jamaica. Child: Care, Health and Development, 35 (5), 624-631.

• Bor, W., McGee, T. R., Fagan, A. A. (2004). Early risk factors for adolescent antisocial behaviour: An Australian longitudinal study. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 38, 365-372.

• Beautrais, AL. (2000). Risk factors for suicide and attempted suicide among young people. Australian New Zealand J Psychiatry,34, 420-436.

• Brent, DA., Perper, JA., Moritz, G., Liotus, L., Schueers, J., Balach, L., Roth, C. (1994). Familial risk factors for adolescent suicide: a case-control study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 89, 52-58.

• Boivin, M., & Hymel, S. (1997). Peer experiences and social self-perceptions: A sequential model. Developmental Psychol¬ogy, 33, 135-145.

• Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). Youth risk behavior surveillance-United States, 2009. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 59, 9-10.

• Crick, N. R., & Ladd, G. W. (1993). Children’s perceptions of their peer experiences: Attributions, loneliness, social anxiety, and social avoidance. Developmental Psychology, 29, 244-254.

• Clark, D. B., Vanyukov, M., Cornelius, J. (2002). Child antisocial behavior and adolescent alcohol use disorders. Alcohol Research & Health, 26, 109-115.

• Devrimci-Özgüven, H. (2002). The epidemiology of suicide and suicide attempts. Çelikkol, A., Sayıl, I.,(eds). Suicide. İzmir: Ege Psychiatry Publications, 7-22.

• Devrimci-Özgüven, H., Sayıl, I. (2003). Suicide attempts in Turkey: Results of the WHO / EURO multicentre study of suicidal behavior. Can J Psychiatry, 48, 324-329.

• Eisenberg, N., Cumberland, A., Spinrad, T. L., Fabes, R. A., Shepard, S. A., Reiser, M., Murphy, B. C., Losoya, S. H., Guthri, I. K. (2001). The relations of regulation and emotionality to children’s externalizing and internalizing problem behavior. Child Development, 72, 1112-1134.

• Gould, MS., Fisher, P., Parides, M., Flory, M., Shaffer, D. (1996). Psychosocial risk factors for children and adolescent completed suicide. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 53, 1155-1162.

• Grietens, H., Onghena, P., Prinzie, P., Gadeyne, E., Assche, V.V., Ghesquiere, P., Hellinckx, W. (2004). Comparison of mothers’, fathers’, and teachers’ reports on problem behavior in 5-to 6-year-old children. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 137-146.

• Gonzalez-Forteza, C., Alvarez-Ruiz, M., Saldana-Hernandez, A., Carrero-Garcia, S. (2005). Prevalence of deliberate self-harm in teenage students in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico: 2003. Soc BehavPersonality,33,777-792.

• Güleç, G., & Aksaray, G. (2006). Evaluation of socio demographic-socio cultural and family traits of young suicide attempters. New Symposium Journal, 44(3),141-150.

• Hawkins, J.D., Catalano, R.F., Miller, J.Y. (1992). Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevetion. Psychological Bulletin,112,64-105.

• Jessor, R. (1991). Risk behavior in adolescence: A psychosocial framework for understanding and action. Journal of Adolescent Health, 12, 597-605.

• Koç, M. (2004). Developmental psychology terms of adolescents and general characteristics of adolescent. Journal of the Institute of Social Sciences,17, 231-256.

• Light, J. M., Dishion, T. J. (2007). Early adolescent antisocial behavior and peer rejection: A dynamic test of a developmental process. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 118, 77-89.

• Maddox, S. J., Prinz, R. J. (2003). School bonding in children and adolescents: Conceptualization, assessment, and associated variables. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6, 31-49.

• Monahan, K. C., Steinberg, L., Cauffman, E. (2009). Affiliation with antisocial peers, susceptibility to peer influence, and antisocial behavior during the transition to adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 45, 1520-1530.

• Miller, A. L., & Glinski, J. (2000). Youth suicidal behavior: Assessment and intervention. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56 (9), 1131-1152.

• Olson, S. L., Schilling, E. M., Bates, J. E. (1999). Measurement of impulsivity: Construct coherence, longitudinal stability, and relationship with externalizing problems in middle childhood and adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27, 151-165.

• Parlaz, AE., Tekgül, N., Karademirci, E., Öngel K. (2012). Adolescence period: Physical growth, psychological and social development process. Turkish Family Physıcıan, 3(4):10-15.

• Pavia, M., Nicotera, G., Scaramuzza, G., Angelillo, IF. (2005). The Collaborative Group. Suicide mortality in Southern Italy:1998–2002. Psychiatry Resh., 134, 275-9.

• Pakaslahti, L., Karjalainen, A., Keltikangas- Järvinen, L. (2002). Relationships between adolescent prosocial problem-solving strategies, prosocial behaviour, and social acceptance. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26 (2), 137-144.

• Pomerantz W., Gittelman M., Farris S., Frey L. (2009). Drug ingestions in children 10-14 years old: An old problem revisited. Suicide Life Threat Behav., 39,433-439.

• Robichaud, M., & Dugas, M.J. (2005). Negative problem ori¬entation (Part: I): Psychometric properties of a new measure. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43(3), 391-401.

• Shields, LB., Hunsaker, DM., Hunsaker, JC. (2005). Suicide: A Ten Year Retrospective Review of Kentucky Medical Examiner Cases. J Forensic Sci, 50(3), 613-617.

• Siyez, MD. (2006). Attempts of commıtıng suıcıde ın the perıod of puberty: A Revıew. Kastamonu Education Journal,14(2),413-420.

• Siyez, MD., & Aysan, F. (2007). The role of psychosocial risk and protective factors in adolescent problem behaviors. Journal of Education Faculty, 20(1),145-171.

• Tezcan, A.E., Oğuzhanoğlu, N.K., Ülkeroğlu, F. (1995). Suicide attempts in children and adolescents. Crisis Journal, II. Social Psychiatry Symposium Special Issue, 3 (1-2), 70-74.

• T.C. Prime Ministry General Directorate of Family and Social Research. (2008). Adolescent Profile Projects in Turkey in 2008. T. C. Prime Ministry General Directorate of Family and Social Studies, Ankara.

• UNICEF. (2012). Situation Analysis of Children and Young People in Turkey in 2012.

• World Health Organization. (2000). World Health Report 2000. Health Systems: Improving Performance. World Health Organization, Geneva.

• Yalaki, Z., Tasar, M.A., Yalçın, N., Dallar, Y. (2011). Evaluation of suicide attempts in childhood and adolescence. Ege Journal of Medicine, 50 (2), 125-128.

• Zhang, J., McKown, R. E., Hussey, J. R., Thompson, S. J., Woods, J. R. (2005). Gender differences in risk factors for attempted suicide among young adults: Findings from the third national health and nutrition examination survey. Annuals of Epidemiology, 15, 167-174.




How to Cite

Taplak, A. Åžener, & Polat, S. (2016). Problematic Behaviors Observed among Adolescents and Regarding Factors: Case of Turkey. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 4(4). Retrieved from