Influence of Gender and Personality Characteristics on Violent Behaviour among Adolescents in Nigeria
Keywords:Personality characteristics, violence behaviour, gender and adolescents
This study investigated the influence of gender and personality characteristics on violent behaviour among adolescents in Nigeria. The purpose of the study is to find out how gender and personality characteristics influence violent behaviour among adolescents in Nigeria. A total number of three hundred (300) participants were used for the study. A questionnaire was designed by the researchers to measure the influence of gender and personality characteristics on violent behaviour among adolescents. The questionnaire contained the following items: age, sex, marital status, Big-five personality inventory (48-items) and violent inventory (56-items). Two hypotheses were tested using independent t-test and multiple regression analysis. In analysing the first hypothesis, it showed that gender had no significant influence on violent behaviour among university students. Based on the results obtained, these conclusions were made, gender has no significant influence on violent behaviour and personality traits (agreeableness, neuroticism, openness to experience, extraversion and conscientiousness) had a significant influence on violent behaviour among adolescents. These recommendations were made that violence on the media should be discouraged and media education should be encouraged and make it widely available to educate adolescents on effects of violence. Students with violent behaviour should be well handled and must be referred to an appropriate counselling section with the help of a school counsellor or a psychologist and with the involvement of the school management.
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