An Ascending Minority Language, Kurdish: A Case Study

Ahmet Kose

Abstract


This study examines Kurdish language and its related problems that belong to the largest community as one of the minority groups after the declaration of Republic until late at this century. This paper also studies and points out the so called “oppressive policy” of the previous governments towards its minority groups. And further it discussed issues related to language ethnicity and assimilation based on data collected from interviews with three Kurdish students studying in London. Turkish is used as the medium of communication on their preference. Names have been changed in the text to protect anonymity, they are given other than real names. The participants come from Eastern Turkey where majority of Kurdish population dwell. This article also will demonstrate a linguistic perspective on minority language rights, language change and language shift in Turkey. However, this paper raises an awareness of cultural and ethnical prospect towards language use. Empirically, this work is aimed to uncover what is hidden and kept away from the minds through primary and secondary sources.


Keywords


Minority, ethnicities, cultures and languages

Full Text:

PDF

References


Benjamins, J. B.V and.Witte, B. 2008. Respecting Linguistic Diversity in the European Union. University of the Basque Country.

Bianco, J. Lo,2005. Globalisation and national communities of communication Language. Problems and Language Planning, 29(2), pp.109-133.

Bruinessen, M. V.1998. Shifting national and ethnic identities: the Kurds in Turkey and the European Diaspora. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, [online] 18(1),pp. 39 — 52. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13602009808716392

Bruinessen, M. V.2000. Transnational aspects of the Kurdish question. Working paper, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Florence. Utrecht University

Cerulo K. A.1997. Identity Construction: New Issues, New Directions Department of Sociology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey,23,pp.385–409.

Crystal, D. 2003. Language Death. USA; Cambridge University Press.

Elphinston, W. G. 1946. The Kurdish Question Author(s).International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs, January, 22(1),pp. 91-103.

Entessar, N. 1989.The Kurdish Mosaic of Discord. Third World Quarterly, pp.11-86.

Fearon, J. D. and Laitin, D. D. 2002. Ethnicity, Insurgency, And Civil War. Department of Political Science Stanford University Stanford, Forthcoming in American Political Science Review, August 27, pp.1-41

Fearon, J. D.and Laitin, D. D. 2000. Ordinary Language and External Validity: Specifying Concepts in the Study of Ethnicity. UK: Stanford University.

Fishman, J. 1994. Stabilizing Indigenous Languages What Do You Lose When You Lose Your Language? This paper is adapted from the speech given by Dr. Fishman at the first Stabilizing. Indigenous Languages symposium on November 16.

Fishman, J. A.2006. Do Not Leave Your Language Alone. The Hidden Status Agendas Within Corpus Planning in Language Policy. Stanford University, California New York University Yeshiva University, New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Fishman, J.A.1972.(ed). The Society of Language. Language and Social context. pp.45-58.

Fuller, G. E.2004. Turkey’s Strategic Model: Myths and Realities. The Washington Quarterly, 27(3), pp. 51–64.

Garret, P. B. 2005. What a language is good for: Language socialization, language shift, and the persistence of code-specific genres in St. Lucia. Language in Society 34(3), pp.327-361.

Gibbons, J. and Ramirez, E. 2004. Maintaining a Minority Language. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters LTD.

Hutchinson, J. and Smith, A. D.1996. eds. Ethnicity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Marr,T. 2002.(eds). Language Ideology, ownership and maintenance: the discourse of the Academia Mayor de la lengua Quechua. Opportunities and Challenges of Bilingualism’ Li, Dewaele and Honsen. Pp.198-219.

Meyer, J. W. Boli, J. & Thomas, G. M. Ramirez, F. O. 1997. World Society and Nation-State. The American Journal of Sociology, Jul, 103(1),pp. 144-181.

Romaine, S. 2002. Protecting Endangered Minority Languages :Sociolinguistic Perspectives. International Journal on Multicultural Societies, 4( 2), pp.194-213.

Romano, D. 2002.Modern Communications Technology in Ethnic Nationalist Hands: The Case of the Kurds. Canadian Journal of Political Science / Revue canadienne de science politique, March, 35(1),pp. 127-149.

Romano, D. 2006. The Kurdish Nationalist Movement: Opportunity, Mobilization and Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Scalbert, C. and Yücel and Ray, M. Le.2006. Power, ideology, knowledge - deconstructing Kurdish Studies. European Journal of Turkish Studies.[Online], 5 Available at : http://ejts.revues.org/

Trask, R.L.1995.Language and Linguistics: The key concept. 2nd Edition. USA: Routledge Publishing.

Wee,L. 2005. Intra-Language Discrimination and Linguistic Human Rights: The Case of Singlish. National University of Singapore: Oxford University Press.

Yavuz, M. H. And Özcan, N. A. 2006. The Kurdish Question And Turkey’s Justice And Development Party. Middle East Policy, Spring ,13(1),pp. 102-119.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)