The Use of Pragmatics by Second Language Learning of English
Keywords:pragmatics, e-mail requests, NNS, NS
The current paper provides results of a study that investigated the use of pragmatics by non-native speakersÂ (NNSs) of English when making e-mail requests. Initial data from the study show that NNSs differ from native speakers (NSs) in politeness and perlocution (i.e. the effect that an utterance has on its recipient) of their English e-mail requests. The data also show that NSs and NNSs differ in the specific pragmatic strategies related to structure and content used in their e-mail requests. Additional data from this study indicates that explicit instruction can positively affect the perlocution of NNS e-mail requests and the long term usage of pragmatics features found in the e-mail messages of NNSs, although the greatest effect is observed in the appropriate usege ofstructural features. The result of this study support the need for instruction of e-mail pragmatics to second language learners and reaveal the possible benefits of such instructions.
Bardovi-Harling, K. 2001. Evaluating the empirical evidence: grounds for instruction in pragmatics? In K. Rose and G. Kasper (Eds.), Pragmatics in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Blum-Kulka, S., House, J., Kasper, G., 1989. Cross-cultural pragmatics: Requests and apologies. Norwood: Ablex Publishing.
Brown, P. and Levinson, S. C. 1987. Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chen, C. F. E. (2001) Making e-mail requests to professors. St. Louis: Taiwanese vs. American Association for Applied Linguistics.
Hacker, D. 2003. A Writerâ€™s Reference (5th ed.). New York: St. Martinâ€™s.
Hall, J. K. 1999. The prosaic of interaction: The development of interactional competence in another language. In E. Hinkel (Eds.) Culture in second language teaching and learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.