The Effectiveness Assessment of Short Term Nutrition Education (GENERATOR) as A Strategy to Reduce Diabetes Risk among Office Employees
Keywords:nutrition education, diabetes prevention, office employees, knowledge, perception, attitude
Indonesia has the fifth largest number of diabetic case (9.1 million), and it is still predicted to grow in the future. Office employees are vulnerable population, especially in developing country due to lack of nutritional and health related knowledge, â€œobesogenicâ€ environment, as well as another barriers to live healthy lifestyle. All of these are risk factors to develop non-communicable diseases such as diabetes among them. Several studies have shown promising association between nutrition education intervention and health related behavior improvement, not only in general health issue but also in diabetes risk prevention. GENERATOR (Fun and Healthy Movement in the Office) is a short term nutrition education program that conducted to inspire healthy lifestyle at Jakarta area, targeted to offices employee. This program was expected to act as the first intervention to increase nutrition and health related knowledge, assessed by perception and attitudes score toward healthy lifestyle among the target market, specifically related to diabetes risk prevention. The effectiveness of GENERATOR program was measured using pre- and post- test questionnaires. Another self-reported questionnaire also filled in to observe respondent characteristics such as sex, family history of diabetes, and perceived barrier to live healthy. There is a significant increase in perception and attitude score for all variables from pre to post test (p<0.05). Around 44.3 % of the participants have diabetes family history. No time for exercise become the main barrier to live a healthy lifestyle (39.2%). This is the first pilot study to show the effectiveness of short term nutrition education to increase perception and awareness of healthy lifestyle among offices employee. In a company setting, this program may be adopted as the first strategy to increase employee health and wellness, focusing on awareness, perception, and attitudes, not only diabetes but also other non-communicable diseases. This will lead to an increase in employee productivity, resulted in the betterment of the company in the future.
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