Breast feeding practices among kashmiri population
Keywords:Breastfeeding, Exclusive breastfeeding, Partial breast feeding, Commercial Milk (CM).
The study assessed the breast feeding practices of mothers in three distinct regions of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. 1293 mothers with children aged 0-2 years were selected randomly. Sampling was done with probability proportion to size (PPS). In this way 680 mothers from Jammu, 512 from Kashmir and 101 from Ladakh were selected. Practices regarding breastfeeding were assessed using pre-tested questionnaires. Results indicated highly significant inter-regional difference in breast feeding practices. Exclusive breast feeding rates at 0-3 months were 56.0%, 52.6% and 91.2% in Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. While at 0-6 months EBR were as 52.0%, 52.1% and only 15.8%. Exclusive breastfeeding got hampered in Jammu and Kashmir regions due to introduction of top milk while in Ladakh children were weaned quite early. The study shows that erratic feeding practices have made deep inroads into the psyche of the population. Despite the legislation of IMS act the commercial sector continues to find ways and means to market their products that undermine breastfeeding in all the three regions.
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