Driver Factors and Commercial Bus Traffic Accident

Arowolo Matthew Oluwole, Jafri Mohd Rohani, Mat Rebi bin Abdul Rani, Aini Zuhra Abdul Kadir, Adeyemi Ademola James

Abstract


The main purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between the driver factors (driving hazard, driver distraction and driving risk) and commercial bus accident. 150  bus drivers from a bus transport company in Malaysia were selected as a sample, survey questionnaire was used for data collection for a period of two months, majority of the drivers (52.7%) were in the age category of 36 to 44 years old, with 145(96.7%) having driving education with training and 5(3.3%) without education. 30(20%) of the respondent has more than 20years driving experience with 125(83.3%) drives 4 to 6 days per week while 97(64.7%) of the respondent prefers day journey. 73 (48.7%) never has accident while 77 (51.3%) have had accident once, twice, thrice and even more than four times. There were significant relationship between driving hazard, driver distraction  (r=0.619, p<0.01) and driving risk (r=0.579, p<0.01). Result from multiple regression analysis shows that 20.7% can be explaining by driving hazard, driving distraction and driving risk contributed to bus traffic accident with significant relationship between driving hazard, driving distraction (r=0.619, p<0.01) and driving risk (r=0.579, p<0.01). It was also recommended that commercial transport company needs to do a lot of hazard preventive measure among novice drivers by conducting training and risk perception seminar from time to time.

 


Keywords


Driving hazard, driver’s distraction, driving risk, fatigue and bus accident.

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