Fault Ride-Through Study and Control of a Wind Turbine Driving Squirrel Cage or Doubly-Fed Induction Generator: A Comparative Study
Keywords:Fault ride-through, Three-phase squirrel-cage induction generator, Pitch angle controller, Three-phase doubly-fed induction generator, Genetic algorithm PID controller
The renewable energy systems are going to take over most of the non-renewable energy systems, so many scientific efforts are being made to ensure the stability and reliability of the renewable energy systems. This paper is concerned about the wind energy systems and ensuring their behavior and performance during and after the abnormalities like fault ride-through. Two complete models of a grid connected wind systems are going to be simulated in the MATLAB software program, the first one will be a grid connected wind turbine driving a three-phase squirrel-cage induction generator (SCIG) and the other model will be a grid connected wind turbine driving a three-phase doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG). The frequency of each system will be displayed and compared to the frequency of the other system upon fault ride-through (three-phase short-circuit fault) and under the effect of the PID controller which is tuned by genetic algorithm technique. The different responses of both generators are going to be analyzed graphically and compared to each other upon the ride-through fault and under the effect of the designed controller (genetic algorithm PID controller).
Pawlas, G.E., 2018. Wind Energy. In Principles of Sustainable Energy Systems, Third Edition (pp. 269-330).
Ben Smida, M. and Sakly, A., 2016. Pitch angle control for grid-connected variable-speed wind turbine system
using fuzzy logic: A comparative study. Wind Engineering, 40(6), pp.528-539.
Eckstein, R.H., Lazzarin, T.B. and Barbi, I., 2014. Proposed power and control system for small scale wind
turbines connected to the grid.
Ahuja, H., Sharma, S., Singh, G., Sharma, A. and Singh, A., 2016, February. Coordinated Fault Ride through
Strategy for SCIG Based WECS. In Computational Intelligence & Communication Technology (CICT), 2016
Second International Conference on (pp. 424-429). IEEE.
Mahony, T.O., Downing, C.J. and Fatla, K., 2000. Genetic algorithm for PID parameter optimization: minimizing
error criteria. Process control and instrumentation, pp.26-28.
Zoghby, H.M.E. and Sharaf, S.M., 2011. Dynamic Response of a Grid Connected Wind Farm with Different
Types of Generators. International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS), 2(1), pp.85-98.
Riachy, L., Azzouz, Y. and Dakyo, B., 2016, October. Optimal power coefficient for load balancing and reactive
power compensation in DFIG-WTS. In IECON 2016-42nd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics
Society (pp. 4199-4204). IEEE.
Harby, M.E.M., Elmasry, S.E. and El Samahy, A., 2017, December. Fault analysis and control of a grid connected
wind turbine driving squirrel cage induction generator using genetic algorithm PID controller. In 2017 Nineteenth
International Middle East Power Systems Conference (MEPCON) (pp. 1328-1332). IEEE.
FaÃºndez, P., 2017. Renewable energy in the equilibrium mix of electricity supply sources. Energy Economics, 67,
DÃaz-GonzÃ¡lez, F., Hau, M., Sumper, A. and Gomis-Bellmunt, O., 2014. Participation of wind power plants in
system frequency control: Review of grid code requirements and control methods. Renewable and Sustainable
Energy Reviews, 34, pp.551-564.
Dragomir, D., Golovanov , N., Postolache, P. and Toader, C., 2009, June. The connection to the grid of wind
turbines. In PowerTech, 2009 IEEE Bucharest (pp. 1-8). IEEE.
Konstantopoulos, G.C. and Alexandridis, A.T., 2014. Full-scale modeling, control, and analysis of grid-connected
Wind turbine induction generators with back-to-back AC/DC/AC converters. IEEE journal of emerging and
selected topics in power electronics, 2(4), pp.739-748.
Ghosh, S., Kamalasadan, S., Senroy, N. and Enslin, J., 2016. Doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind
farm control framework for primary frequency and inertial response application. IEEE Transactions on Power
Systems, 31(3), pp.1861-1871.
Wright, A.D., 2009. Wind turbine control systems. In Wind Turbine Technology: Fundamental Concepts in Wind
Turbine Engineering, Second Edition. ASME Press.
Slootweg, J.G., Polinder, H. and Kling, W.L., 2001, July. Dynamic modelling of a wind turbine with doubly fed
Induction generator. In 2001 Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting. Conference Proceedings (Cat. No.
CH37262) (Vol. 1, pp. 644-649). IEEE.
Bianchi, F.D., Mantz, R.J. and De Battista, H., 2007. The wind and wind turbines (pp. 7-28). Springer London.
Ekanayake, J. and Jenkins, N., 2004. Comparison of the response of doubly fed and fixed-speed induction
generator wind turbines to changes in network frequency. IEEE Transactions on Energy conversion, 19(4),
Muller, S., Deicke, M. and De Doncker, R.W., 2002. Doubly fed induction generator systems for wind
turbines. IEEE Industry applications magazine, 8(3), pp.26-33.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.