Economic Anaylsis of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus l. Moench) Production under Different Rates of Organic Manure in Okigwe, Southern Nigeria
Keywords:Economic analysis, Okra, Poultry manure, Rates.
Field experiments were carried out at the research experimental site of National Horticultural Research Institute, Mbato sub-station Okigwe, Nigeria between November 2011 and February 2012 under irrigation conditions, to evaluate the economic application of different rates of poultry manure on Okra production. The treatments consisted of four rates, 0, 4, 8 and 12t/ha of poultry manure. The experimental design was randomized complete block design with three replicates. Data collected were analyzed using analysis of variance with means separated using LSD at 5% level of probability and budgetary analysis. The three agro-economic indicators; increased yield, increased net returns and benefit: cost ratio were employed to determine the most suitable, economic rate of application of poultry manure. Results showed that 8t/ha gave the highest growth (Plant height, 33.5cm; number of leaves, 8.9; leaf area 84.4 and number of branches; 2) and yield of 8.62t/ha. 8t/ha of poultry manure also is the most profitable and cost-effective. The treatment produced a favorable 2.1:1 benefit: cost ratio, net return of N130, 800.00 and gave maximum profit per naira above the other treatments, hence its recommendation as a modest cultural practice. Thus 8t/ha of poultry manure application is economically suitable for okra production in Mbato zone of Okigwe, Southeastern, Nigeria.
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