Vaccination Failures among Poultry Farmers in ABA Metropolitan City Abia State, Nigeria
Keywords:vaccination, vaccine, farmers, poultry disease, veterinary personnel
The study evaluated vaccine failure among poultry farmers in Aba metropolitan city. The procedure involved multi stage sampling technique on the sample size and the use of questionnaires was employed. All the respondents were farmers. The results obtained were presented in frequencies, percentages, and bar chart. The study showed that 51.8%, 37.2% and 11.00% represented ages of respondent of 26- 40 years, 41-55 years and 56-70 years respectively. The study also review that 85.4% were male while 14.6% were female respondents. Within the study area, it was revealed that 64.5%, 28.2% and 7.3% represented the educational status of the respondents in that order secondary, tertiary and primary. The results showed that 55.4%, 22.6% and 21.8% represented the occupation of the respondents involved, which are: trading and farming, civil service and farming and wholly farming in that sequence. The study showed that 61.8%, 83.6%, and 25.4% abide by manufacturers directive, vaccinate birds morning or evening and vaccinate sick birds. Respondents that starve birds of water before vaccination, source vaccine from veterinarian and consult veterinarian before vaccination presented 64.5%, 46.3% and 382% respectively. Similarly 42.5% experienced vaccine failure while the incidence of disease due to vaccine failure was 19.6%, 16.4% 11.2%, 8.4%,Â 3.60% and 6.5% for fowl typhoid, newcastle disease, infections bursal disease, fowl pox, egg drop syndrom and coccidiosis in that order. From the study, it is highly recommended that the sale of vaccine, handling of vaccine and administration of vaccine should be strictly carried out by veterinary personnel. There should be enlightenment of farmers on the importance of consulting veterinary personnel before any vaccination is administered in a poultry farm.
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