Death of the Author: Before and After

Mahmoud Kharbutli


When Roland Barthes announced the death of the author in the 1960's, the sentence did not come as a surprise because he/she had been dying for a long time. This paper traces the process of his death by exploring his various functions as envisioned by critics and the fluctuating relation between him and the reader, a process that ended with the birth of the reader as a dynamic force in the making of the literary work. However, the rise of the reader has had its consequences which are not all happy as regards the integrity and value of literature as such.


author, reader, function, dynamic, death, deconstruction

Full Text:



Arnold, Matthew. "The Study of Poetry." Norton Anthology of English Literature. Ed. M. H. Abrams et al. 4th ed. 2 vols. New York: Norton, 1979. 1444-1466.

Bakhtin, Mikhail. "from the prehistory of novelistic discourse." Modern Criticism and Theory. Ed. David Lodge. London: Longman, 1988. 125-156.

Barthes, Roland. "The Death of the Author." Twentieth-Century Literary Theory. Ed. K. M. Newton. London: Macmillan, 1988. 154-164.

Bloom, Harold. "The Breacking of Form." Deconstruction and Criticism. Pre. Geoffrey Hartman. New York: A Continuum Book, 1979. 1-37.

Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. London: Penguin. 1994.

Brooks, Cleanth. "The Formalist Critic." Twentieth- Century Literaryl Theory. 45-48.

Caudwell, Christopher. "English Poets: the Decline of Capitalism." Twentieth-Century Literary Theory. 86-89.

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. Biographia Literaria. Norton Anthology. 384-406.

Derrida, Jacques. "Living on: Border Lines." Deconstruction and Literature. 75-176.

Eliot, T. S. "Tradition and Individual Talent." 20th Century Literary Criticism. Ed. David Lodge. London: Longman, 1972. 71-77.

Erlick, Victor. Russian Formalism. 3rd ed. New Haven: Yale UP., 1965.

Holoquist, Michael. Dialogism: Bakhtin and his World. London: Routledge, 1990.

Keats, John. "To George and Thomas Keats." Norton Anthology. 866-867.

Lodge, David. Headnote. Modern Criticism and Theory. 124-125.

Lukacs, Georg. "Critical Realism and Socialist Realism." Twentieth- Century Literary Theory. 89-92.

Medvedev, P. N. and M. M. Bakhtin. "The Object, Tasks and Methods of Litersry History." Twentieth-Century Literary Theory. 30-34.

Richards, I. A. "Poetry and Beliefs." Twentieth-Century Literary Theory. 40-44.

Shklovsky, Victor. "Art as Technique." Twentieth Century Literary Theory. 21-22.

Tompkins, Jane. "Introduction." Reader-Response Criticism: from Formalism to Post Structuralism. Ed. Jane Tompkins. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins UP., 1980. ix-xxvi.

Tuss, Richard. Samuel Taylor Coleridge: A Theologian of our Time.

Wolfgang, Iser, The Act of Reading: A Theory of Aesthetic Response. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins UP., 1978.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.