Similarities and Differences among Intangible Cultural Heritages:

Authors

  • Sangmee Bak Hankuk University of Foreign Studies

Keywords:

— intangible cultural heritage, UNESCO, multinational nomination, ICH

Abstract

Intangible cultural heritages (ICH) have been present across borders throughout human history due to human migration, diffusion, or independent creation. Cultures, including ICH's have always been negotiated and contested within and between groups of people. Crossing borders has become even easier with recent surge of globalization. People flow, cultures flow, and resources and information are shared across borders. In this process, cultures are shared, mixed, and hybridized. Through this, cultural diversity increases within a society, while safeguarding ICH is necessary in order to maintain cultural diversity in the global community. Even with all the potential problems, recognizing and safeguarding multinational ICH's can be an effective way to avoid nationalistic conpetition among nation/states over ICH's.

Author Biography

Sangmee Bak, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies

Professor

Division of International Studies

References

Anderson, Benedict Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, London: Verso, 1991.

Appadurai, Arjun, Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization, Minneapolis: The University of Minnesota Press, 2000.

Bak, Sangmee “Intangible Cultural Heritage and Cultural Tourism in Korea," in Intangible Cultural Heritage and Local Communities in East Asia, edited by Liu Tik-sang, Hong Kong, China: South China Research Center, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong Heritage Museum, . pp. 75-82, 2011.

_____________ “Popularization and Transmission: Recent Changes in Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritages in the Republic of Korea," Paper presented at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, February 23-26, 2008.

_____________ "Imagining and Appropriating the Global: Gangneung Danoje and the Local People's Understanding of the UNESCO's Proclamation of Intangible Cultural Heritage" Paper presented at "Consuming Korean Culture" Center for Korean Studies, University of Hawaii, October 13-15, 2006, Honolulu, Hawai'i, U.S.A, 2008.

______________ "Local Development and the Preservation of Intangible Cultural Heritage" In Proceedings of the 2003 UNESCO Regional Training Workshop on Intangible Cultural Heritage. August 2003, 2003a.

______________ “Heritage is Good to Think: Politics of Identities in Hahoe Village, Andong, Korea", paper presented at the 102nd annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. November 19-23, 2003, 2003b.

_____________ "Intangible Cultural Heritage System in Korea", paper presented at the International Workshop for the Preservation and Promotion of Intangible Cultural Heritages, Tokyo, March 12-26, 2002, 2002a.

_____________ 2002b "Negotiating the Meanings of Traditional Culture: Politics of Place Identities in Insa-dong, Seoul", paper presented at the 6th Pacific and Asia Conference on Korean Studies, Seoul, June 18-20, 2002, 2002b.

_____________ "Local Festivals and Traditional Culture in Korea" paper presented at the 7th UNESCO International Training Workshop for Living Human Treasure System, Seoul and Gangneung, October, 2001.

__________ "Anthropological Studies of People, Place, and Culture, and The Implications for Area Studies," International Area Review, vol 1. no.2, 1998a.

__________ "Insadong Alley: Constructing Traditions and Tasting Them" paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Philadelphia, PA November, 1998b.

Geertz, Clifford."Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture". In The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. New York: Basic Books, 3-30, 1973.

Hobsbawm, Eric and Terrence Ranger, eds., The Invention of Tradition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Janelli, Roger, “Cultural Plurality: “Cultural Plurality: Universality and Particularity of Intangible Cultural Heritage in East Asia†in the Proceedings of the 2009 International Forum on Intangible Cultural Heritage in East Asia, Seoul, Korea pp. 237 – 242, 2009.

Munjeri, Dawson. “Tangible and Intangible Heritage: from difference to Convergence†Museum International, May 2004, vol.56 issue 1/2 pp. 12-20, 2004.

Yamashita, Shinji, “Cultural Heritage Contested: a Perspective from the Anthropology of Cultural Resources in the Age of Globalization†in the Proceedings of the 2009 International Forum on Intangible Cultural Heritage in East Asia, Seoul, Korea pp. 237 – 242, 2009.

Published

2015-02-15

How to Cite

Bak, S. (2015). Similarities and Differences among Intangible Cultural Heritages:. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 3(1). Retrieved from https://ajouronline.com/index.php/AJHSS/article/view/2237