Health Students Perception of Online Learning Environment during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Survey on Quality of Online Learning in Indonesian University


  • Ummu Artha Tsary Rumalessin Department of Higher Education Management, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Johanes Pramana Gentur Sutapa Department of Forestry, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Wisjnu Martani Department of Psychology, University of Gadjah Mada , Yogyakarta, Indonesia



COVID-19, Online learning, Learning environment, Online Learning Environment Survey (OLES)


The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the teaching and learning process at various universities, especially for health science students. Electronic learning (E-Learning) is applied as a core learning method to carry out learning during the pandemic. This study aimed at investigating health science students’ perception about the quality of their online learning during the pandemic. A mixed method research design was implemented in this current study. The modified version of Online Learning Environment Survey (OLES) was used as the main instrument to collect data from 390 health science students at 'Aisyiyah University in Yogyakarta consisting of seven study programs such as nursing, anesthesiology, midwifery, physiotherapy, nutrition, medical lab technology and radiology. Contrary assumption from the previous research, this study found that there were only slight differences between students from the seven study programs with regard to their perception of online learning. Majority of students agreed that during pandemic they have studied real cases and considered to be relevant to issues that occur outside the classroom. However, in health science education system where many courses are practical oriented, students confirmed that shifting completely to online mode may not be possible to enhance their skill to become a professional medical in the future. Therefore, it is prominent to design an effective curriculum for health science education system for the new normal.


C. M. Chiu, C. S. Chiu, and H. C. Chang, “Examining the integrated influence of fairness and quality on learners’ satisfaction and Web-based learning continuance intention,” Inf. Syst. J., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 271–287, 2020, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2575.2007.00238.x.

T. Nguyen, “The Effectiveness of Online Learning: Beyond No Significant Difference and Future Horizons,” MERLOT J. Online Learn. Teach., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 309–319, 2015.

J. M. Genn, “AMEE Medical Education Guide No. 23 (Part 2): Curriculum, environment, climate, quality and change in medical education - A unifying perspective,” Med. Teach., vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 445–454, 2001, doi: 10.1080/01421590120075661.

R. M. Harden, “The learning environment and the curriculum,” Med. Teach., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 335–336, 2001, doi: 10.1080/01421590120063321.

S. Roff and S. McAleer, “What is educational climate?,” Med. Teach., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 333–334, 2001, doi: 10.1080/01421590120063312.

M. A. Sunkad, S. Javali, Y. Shivapur, and A. Wantamutte, “Health sciences students’ perception of the educational environment of KLE University, India as measured with the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM),” J. Educ. Eval. Health Prof., vol. 12, p. 37, 2015, doi: 10.3352/jeehp.2015.12.37.

L. M. Tompodung, “Persepsi mahasiswa terhadap lingkungan pembelajaran di Universitas Sam Ratulangi Manado,” J. e-Biomedik, vol. 5, no. 2, 2017, doi: 10.35790/ebm.5.2.2017.17072.

The Executive Council WFME, “Global Standards for Basic Medical education The 2012 Revision,” World Fed. Med. Educ., p. 46, 2012.

S. S. Mayya and S. Roff, “Students’ perceptions of educational environment: A comparison of academic achievers and under-achievers at Kasturba Medical College, India,” Educ. Heal., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 280–291, 2004, doi: 10.1080/13576280400002445.

S. J. Wayne, S. A. Fortner, J. A. Kitzes, C. Timm, and S. Kalishman, “Cause or effect? The relationship between student perception of the medical school learning environment and academic performance on USMLE Step 1,” Med. Teach., vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 376–380, 2013, doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2013.769678.

M. Bączek, M. Zagańczyk-Bączek, M. Szpringer, A. Jaroszyński, and B. Wożakowska-Kapłon, “Students’ perception of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic: a survey study of Polish medical students,” pp. 1–14, 2020, doi: 10.21203/

M. H. Rajab and M. Soheib, “Privacy Concerns Over the Use of Webcams in Online Medical Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic,” Cureus, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 2–9, 2021, doi: 10.7759/cureus.13536.

M. Ratnaweera and R. Khareedi, “Teaching and learning during COVID 19: Perspectives of undergraduate Oral Health students.,” Asian J. Educ. e-Learning, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 90–95, 2021, doi: 10.24203/ajeel.v9i5.6735.

S. Trinidad, J. Aldridge, and B. Fraser, “Development, validation and use of the Online Learning Environment Survey,” Australas. J. Educ. Technol., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 60–81, 2005, doi: 10.14742/ajet.1343.

R. Yee, “Perceptions of Online Learning in an Australian University: An International Students’ (Asian Region) Perspective – Quality of Learning,” Int. J. e-Education, e-Business, e-Management e-Learning, vol. 3, no. 2, 2013, doi: 10.7763/ijeeee.2013.v3.206.

R. C. S. Yee, “Perception of Online Learning in an Australian University: Malaysian Student’s Perspectives,” PhD Dissertation. pp. 1–263, 2011.

J. Cohen, STATISTICAL POWER ANALYSIS for the BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, 2nd ed. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1988.

G. Franklin et al., “How the COVID-19 pandemic impacted medical education during the last year of medical school: A class survey,” Life, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1–17, 2021, doi: 10.3390/life11040294.

S. Dost, A. Hossain, M. Shehab, A. Abdelwahed, and L. Al-Nusair, “Perceptions of medical students towards online teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic: A national cross-sectional survey of 2721 UK medical students,” BMJ Open, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1–10, 2020, doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-042378.

T. Muthuprasad, S. Aiswarya, K. S. Aditya, and G. K. Jha, “Students’ perception and preference for online education in India during COVID -19 pandemic,” Soc. Sci. Humanit. Open, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 100101, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.ssaho.2020.100101.

E. W. Villanueva, H. Meissner, and R. W. Walters, “Medical Student Perceptions of the Learning Environment, Quality of Life, and the School of Medicine’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Single Institution Perspective,” Med. Sci. Educ., vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 589–598, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s40670-021-01223-z.

M. M. K. Chan, D. S. F. Yu, V. S. F. Lam, and J. Y. H. Wong, “Online clinical training in the COVID-19 pandemic,” Clin. Teach., vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 445–446, 2020, doi: 10.1111/tct.13218.

L. Childs-Kean, M. E. E. Mlis, and M. D. Smith, “Use of learning style frameworks in health science education,” Am. J. Pharm. Educ., vol. 84, no. 7, pp. 1–9, 2020, doi: 10.5688/ajpe7885.




How to Cite

Rumalessin, U. A. T., Sutapa, J. P. G. . ., & Martani, W. . (2022). Health Students Perception of Online Learning Environment during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Survey on Quality of Online Learning in Indonesian University. Asian Journal of Education and E-Learning, 10(1).