Environmental Change and Natural Disasters: Asian Experience
Keywords:Environment, natural, disasters, carbon, dioxide
Environmental change plays an important role in natural disasters. Increasing emission of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen, Sulphur dioxide, ozone depleting substances, greenhouse gas, PM10 pollutionand falling share of forest area can cause natural disasters like windstorms, flood, severe draught, heat waves etc which in turn cause substantial loss to the people in the form ofÂ death, injury, Â homelessness and other damages. In this paper, an attempt has been made to find relationship between environmental change and natural disasters with the help ofÂ method of canonical correlation, Â linear discriminatory function analysis and multinomial logistic regression using the data forÂ Asian countries during the period 1991-2013. The study finds a statistically significant relationship between environmental change and natural disasters using multivariate statistical tests. Using univariate regression tests, emission of CO2 and PM10 pollution are found to be statistically significant factors contributing to the natural disasters. LDA technique andÂ multinomial logistic regression show Â in addition to CO2 and PM10, deforestation also contributed to the natural disasters.
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Charles W.Freeman III, Michael J.Green, â€œIntroductionâ€ in â€œAsiaâ€™s Response to Climate Change and Natural Disasters:Implications for an Evolving Regional Architectureâ€, A Report of the CSIS ASIAN Regionalism Initiative, 2010, pp.8
Jason,Anderson and Camilla, Bausch, â€œClimate Change and Natural Disasters: Scientific Evidence of a Possible relation between recent natural disasters and climate changeâ€. IP/A/ENVI/FWC/2005-35, 2006.
Teresita, Schaffer, â€œAsian Regional Institututions and Climate Changeâ€ in â€œAsiaâ€™s Response to Climate Change and Natural Disasters:Implications for an Evolving Regional Architectureâ€, A Report of the CSIS ASIAN Regionalism Initiative, 2010, pp.44
UNESCAP, online statistics
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