How Local Innovation Systems Empowering Community: Case Study in Belu of East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
Keywords:local innovation systems, capacity building, social network
A Local Innovation Systems (LIS) was establish in Bakustulama Village of Esat Nusa Tenggara Province in Indonesia in 2013 and has serve the local people in their productive activity since. This paper was an evaluation of how this LIS play the role on empowering the local peole. The study involved 2 farmer groups to be involved in developing LIS then applied it in their productive activities. Since the implementation LIS has served the two farmer groups in increasing their economic life (income received). LIS was attached to the local agricultural extension office as an institution that consists of farmer groups, local extension workers, staffs from Local Government Offices (Agricultural-Fisheries and Plantation Offices, Local Animal Husbandry Offices, Local Forestry Offices, Sub-District & Village Offices)and supported by local researchers. The LIS as institutions running well to served the need of the people by establishing networks with other institutions and reserchers from several intitutions available in the area. A chnge in policy from Central Government in 2016 had change the existency of LIS as institution, however the network still function and the people still can benefitted from it, which was shown from the evaluation conducte in 2019. An index number was applied here to measure the change occurs in the two farmer groups before and after the implementation of LIS. Significant changes were occurs in the two farmer groups, they economic life were changes in better way, which is why they still maintaining the network from LIS although the institution was not exist anymore. Here, the LIS was transform into a systems that was run by farmer groups which still maintain the network that was already established.
Saparita, R., Dyah, S., Abbas, A., & Hidajat, E. W., “Membangun Sistem Inovasi Untuk Kesejahteraan Masyarakat” (Building Innovation Systems for Community Welfare). Jakarta: LIPIpress, 2015
Ximing Yin, Jin Chen, Jizhen Li, “Rural innovation system: Revitalize the countryside for a sustainable development”, Journal of Rural Studies, 1-8, 2019.
David J. Spielman, Kristin Davis, Martha Negash & Gezahegn Ayele, “Rural innovation systems and networks: findings from a study of Ethiopian smallholders”. Agriculture and Human Values, 2011, vol. 28, issue 2, 195-212., 195-212, 2011.
Norman Uphoff & Louise Buck, “Strengthening Rural Local Institutional Capacities For Sustainable Livelihoods And Equitable Development”, Washington DC, USA, 2006.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Savitri Dyah W.I.K.R., Rachmini Saparita
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