Selecting the appropriate Smart Materials using Multi-criteria decision AHP in Hot and Dry climates (Case study: Central Iran)
Keywords:Smart materials, Hot and dry climate, AHP decision, Adaptive Architecture
Nowadays, with introduced modern systems and new materials in building construction industry and competitiveness, the decision to apply the most appropriate structural system in semi-traditional architecture system of the project is not easy for architects who donâ€™t have enough information about smart material performance in each climate. Â During designing and performance, it is one of the major challenges in engineering and construction management especially in Iran. Appropriate Smart Materials could be selected on many and varied criteria such as economics, social and technical bases. As regards,Â the modern manufacturing techniques have benefits such as, product standards, durability and stability, quality components, speed of implementation, lower cost compared with traditional systems, easy Â assembling and dismantling , they need using professional, semi-skilled and skilled worker to decrease energy consumption, flexibility of design and architecture. Considering to the history of Iranian Architecture and varied climates in Iran, selecting of smart materials is a complicated issue. However, other factor such as providing usersâ€™ comfort is necessary, too. Since smart materials are so varied and each of them reacts to different external stimulus, smart materials which have been chosen in this paper are sensitive to sunlight due to central Iranâ€™s climate specifications. After introducing the smart materials, they have been evaluated with criteria such as sustainability, environmental and saving energy bases, lifetime, durability and economical factors. In addition, the final decision has been made with regard to the opinions of experts and decision-makers including, consultants and contractors based on fuzzy multi-criteria decision making method AHP. Finally, with this method, some of materials which were evaluated as best will be recommended for hot and dry climates in Iran.
Ishizaka, A., Balkenborg, D., & Kaplan, T., â€œDoes AHP helps us make a choice? An experimental evaluation. Journal of Operational Research Societyâ€, 62, pp.1801-1812, (2011).
Sanja Vavan, V. , â€œApplication of smart materials in retrofitting homes can help housing energy efficiencyâ€, Belgrade: Union University, (2011).
Albayrak, E., & Erensal, Y.,â€œUsing AHP to improve human performance; An application of multiple criteria Saaty, decision making problemâ€, Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing , 491-503, (2004).
Saaty,T. Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process. Journal Services Science , 1.
Ritter, A. Smart Materail in architecture, Interior architecture and Design, Berlin,Boston: BirkhÃ¤use,Publisher for architecture Basel, (2007).
Addington, M., & Schodek, D. Smart Materials and Technologies in Architecture and design prefessions. Burlington: Architectural Press-Elsevier, (2004).
Wang, Q., & Yang, Z., A method of selecting appropriate software architecture styles; Quality attributes and Analytic Hierarchy Process (Vol. Bachelor of Science Thesis). Gotenborg, Sweden: University of Gotenburg, (2012).
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.