Mosses in Pine Phytocenosis in Dry Climate of East Kazakhstan
Keywords:Bryophytes, mosses, species diversity, pine forest, plant community, distribution, Semey city, East Kazakhstan, synusiae, geobotanical approach, Drudeâ€™s scale, level of species activity.
The present article is concerned with the results of a long-term study on the role of bryophytes in pine phytocenosis of East Kazakhstan. Comparative studies have been conducted in order to identify the change of species composition and their frequency on dry, fresh and wet formations of pine forest, as well as on the sites recovering from forest fires of 1997-2005. Such a large-scale study on the role of mosses with the use of geobotanical approach is the first to have been carried out in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The results of the study have provided data on species diversity of mosses in pine forest, their role in phytocenosis and an activity level of every specie in synusiae. Depending on the change of key parameters of plant communities in pine forest principles of bryophyte expansion have been identified.
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