Formation Temperature Distribution of the Turonian- Maastrichtian Fika Shale Formation from Wireline Logs, in Part of Borno Basin, Northeastern Nigeria


  • Anthony John Ilozobhie Physics Department, University of Calabar
  • Dominic Akam Obi



wireline, sequence, basement, intrusive, geothermal and magmatic


The distribution of Formation Temperature of the Fika Shale Formation within part of Borno basin from five wireline logs was investigated.  The area under studied covered about 20 by 40 kilometre square of the total land mass of the basin. The Fika shale sequence were identified at 865m to 1795m in Kinasar well, 640m to 1990m in Krumta, 980m to 1620m in Masu, 700m to 2710m in Tuma, 710m to 2220m in Wadi. The plot of the entire Formation Temperature of the study area reveals remarkable steep variations in temperature with increased range from 680C to 1280C starting from the southern eastern region to the north western region. This is possibly due to substantial temperature enhancing effects of the underlying basement complex. Interestingly, it was also observed that the minimal temperature variation occurred approximately 20C/ meter across the field and this also lays credence to the fact that the notable subsurface geothermal variation may be recent events initiated by the near- surface magmatic intrusive events which may have had adverse effects on the overlying sedimentary cover. Furthermore, it was deduced that the probability of hydrocarbon accumulation is better in the south eastern region than the north western region although the steep temperature variation of 20C/ meter within some part of the study area may perhaps reduce this possibility.


• Ajayi, C. I & Ajakaiye, D.E. (1983). The Origin and Pecularities of the Nigerian Benue Trough: Another look from recent gravity data obtained from middle Benue. Tectonphysics, Vol. 10(80), pp. 285-303.

• Avbovbo, A. A, Eyoola, E. O. & Osahon G. A. (1986). Depositional and structural styles in Chad basin of Northeastern Nigeria. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin. 80, pp. 1787-1798.

• Ayoola E.O. Amaechi, M. & Chukwu, R. (1982). Nigeria’s Newer petroleum Exploration provinces Benue, Chad and Sokoto Basins. Journal of Mining and Geology. Vol. 19(1), pp. 72- 87.

• Cratchley, C. R. Louis, P. & Ajakaiye, D. E. (1984). Geophysical and geological evidence for the Benue – Chad Basin Cretaceous rift valley system and its technique implications. Journal of African Earth Sciences. Vol. 6(2), pp. 141- 150.

• Ilozobhie, A.J. Okwueze, E .E & Egeh, E.U (2009). Sand – shaliness evaluation of part of Bornu basin using well log data. Nigerian Journal of Physics Vol. 21(1), pp. 11- 19.

• Ilozobhie, A.J, Obi, D.A Okwueze, E.E and Okereke C.S (2014) Geophysical studies of part of Bornu Basin from Seismic, Well log and Aeromagnetic data. World Journal of Applied Science and Technology Vol. 6 (2) pp105-113

• Ilozobhie, A.J. Obi, D.A & Okwueze, E.E (2015). Geostatistical analysis of porosity distribution from well log data, in part of Bornu Basin, North- eastern part, Nigeria using Kriging and Co- Kriging methods. Advances in Applied Science Research Vol. 6(2) pp.83-95.

• Kutasov I.M. & Eppelbaum L.V. (2003). A new method for determining the formation temperature from bottom-hole temperature logs. Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering Vol. 1(1), pp. 1-8.

• Neglia, S (1979). Migration of fluids in sedimentary basins. America Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin. 63, pp. 573 – 597.

• Nwankwo C.N. & Ekine,A.S. (2009). Geothermal gradients in the Chad Basin, Nigeria, from bottom hole temperature logs. International Journal of Physical Sciences Vol. 4 (12), pp. 777-783.

• Okosun, A. E. (1995). Review of the geology of Bornu Basin. Journal of Mining and Geology. Vol. 31 (2), pp. 112 - 113

• Onuoha, K. N & Ekine, A.S (1999). Subsurface temperature variations and heat flow in the Anambra basin, Nigeria Journal Africa Earth ScienceVol. 28(3), pp. 641 – 652.




How to Cite

Ilozobhie, A. J., & Obi, D. A. (2019). Formation Temperature Distribution of the Turonian- Maastrichtian Fika Shale Formation from Wireline Logs, in Part of Borno Basin, Northeastern Nigeria. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 7(5).