HAZOP Study and Layer of Protection Analysis Based Fuzzy System at Oil Distribution Unit, Surabaya- East Java
Keywords:Hazop, fuel distribution, risk assessment, SIL, FLOPA
AbstractThe oil industry has an important role in sustaining community life. Green environment and zero accident will affect the environmental balance and sustainable development. The balance of the built environment to maintain the fuel supply system so it does not paralyze the transport system and community activities. It is closely related to the operational activities in the process of distribution of fuel oil (BBM) from the tanker to the charging on cars where the oil distribution impacts of high risk such as fire, explosion, leakage, and oil spills. Risk identification is done based LOP (Layer of Protection Analysis) A to display the value (SIL) Safety Integrity Level on several scenarios. SIL calculation encourages economic impact analysis based on modern software. Fuzzy systems are applied in the risk assessment on the fuel distribution system with multiple inputs that are reviewed from several aspects to produce output that is easily understood and reliable. (FLOPA) Fuzzy Layer of Protection Analysis appropriately used as expert-based risk assessment methods that show layers of protection are qualitatively and quantitatively. Rule base-based expert system used in FLOPA. The linkage between risk impacts on the level of Safety Integrity Level is known as a firm step in preventing environmental pollution. Probability economic impact FLOPA system used by management for decision making big impact on the economic resilience of the company and the needs of society. Evaluation is the guarantor of systems, assets, environment, and safe reputation for companies and governments for the creation of sustainable development so that environmental and green city as well as the economic sector to be smooth. This is evidenced by the rating node SIL 1 to 3, i.e. NO SIL, SIL 0, and SIL 1. In addition the results FLOPA economic impact on node 2 to 3 overall medium categories with total losses / year in the range of US $ 10,000 - US $ 100,000.
A. Manual Book. (2016), PT. Petrokimia Gresik. Ammonia Plan I.
ANSI/ISA-TR84.02. 2002. Safety Instrumented Functions (SIF) â€“Safety Integrity Level (SIL)
EvaluationTechniques Part 1: Introduction. Research Triangle Park, NC: American National Standard Institute.
ANSI/ISA-TR84.00.02-2002 Part 3. Safety Instrumented Function (SIF) - Safety Integrity Level (SIL) Evaluation
Techniques Part 3: Determining the SIL of a SIF via Fault Tree Analysis. American National Standard Institute.
CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety). (2009). Guidelines for Developing Quantitative Safety Risk Criteria,
Appendix B. Survey of worldwide risk criteria Applications. New York, USA: AIChE.
Dowell, A. M. (1998). Layer of protection Analysis for determining safety integrity Level. ISA
Freeman, R. (2007). Using layer of protection analysis to define safety integrity level requirements. Process Safety
First, Kenneth. (2010).Scenario identification and evaluation for layers of protection analysis. Journal of Loss
Prevention in the Process Industries, 23, 705e718.
Going Bill, 2000. Advanced Control Steam Superheat Temperature on a Utility Boiler. IEEE Research Journal
Guidance on â€œas low as reasonably practicableâ€ (ALARP) decisions in control of major accident hazards
(COMAH). (2002). UK: Health and Safety Executive. Available at:http://www.hse.gov.uk
IEC- 61882. 2001. Hazard and Operability Studies (Hasp Studies) â€“ Application Guide. Geneva: International
Electro technical Commission.
John N. Dyer, Anya P. Raibagkar, Massimiliano Kolbe, and Ernesto Solano â€œBlast Damage Considerations for
Horizontal Pressure Vessel and Potential for Domino Effectsâ€, the Italian Association of Chemical Engineering,
Johnson, R. W. (2010). Beyond-compliance uses of HAZOP/LOPA studies. Journal of Loss Prevention in the
Process Industries, 23(6), 727e733.
Khalil,M, et.al.. (2011). A cascaded fuzzy-LOPA risk assessment model applied in natural gas industry. Journal
of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 25, 877e882
Lassen, C. A. (2008). Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) for Determination of Safety Integrity Level (SIL). The
Norwegian University of science of Technology. Saroyan.
Montgomery, Douglas C â€œIntroduction to statistical Quality Control 6th Editionâ€, United States of America.
M. Marshal, Edward and W. Scarp, Eric, â€œSafety Integrity Level Selection.â€ (United State of America: Research
Triangle Park, NC: ISA., 2002.
Musyafa, A. And Kristianingsih, L., â€œRisk Management and Safety System Assessment from Power Plant Steam
Boiler in Power Systems Unit 5, Paiton Indonesiaâ€, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 7(11) Sep
, Pages: 349-356, 2013.
Musyafa, A. And Zulfiana, Erna., â€œRisk Management and Hazard and Operability Study on Steam Turbine Power
Plant Unit 5 in The Power Generation Paiton, East Java-Indonesiaâ€, Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences,
(5) December 2013, Pages: 510-518, 2013.
Mustafa, A. ,at.al., â€œ Hazad And Operability Study and Analysis of Safety Integrity Level Case Study:
Ammonia Refrigerant Compressor at Petrochemical Plantâ€ Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences, 9(8) July
, Pages: 36-42, AENSI Journals, 2015.
Mustafa, A., at.al. â€œReliability and Maintainability Assessment of the Steam Turbine Instrumentation System for
optimization Operational Availability System at Fertilizer Plantâ€, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied
Sciences, 8(13) August 2014, Pages: 132-139, 2014.
. Musyafa, A. et.al. â€œEvaluation of the Reliability and Prediction Maintenance on the Air Compressor System in
Ammonia Plant PT. Petrokimia Gresikâ€, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 9(11) May 2015, Pages:
Poulose, Smear Maria, and Madhu, G., â€œHazop Study for Process Plants: A Generalized Approachâ€, International
Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 2012
Robert W. Johnson. â€œBeyond-compliance uses of HAZOP/LOPA studiesâ€. Science Direct. Pp. 727-733., 2010.
Ronny D. Noriyati, et.al...â€œ Reliability Assessment of Cooling Pump For Parts Inventory Planning in Power Plant
System, Paiton-Indonesiaâ€. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 8(13) August 2014, Pages: 140-146
AENSI ISSN: 1991-8178. Journal home page: www.ajbasweb.com, 2014.
Ronny Dwi Noriyati, et.al. â€œHAZOP Study and Determination of Safety Integrity Level Using Fault Tree Analysis
on Fuel Gas Superheat Burner of Ammonia Unit in Petrochemical Plant, East Java. Asian Journal of Applied
Sciences (ISSN: 2321 â€“ 0893). Volume 05 â€“ Issue 02, April 2017
Silvana R.Dacosta, at.al â€œHazop Study and Fault Tree Analysis for Calculation Safety Integrity Level on Reactor-
C.5-01, Oil Refinery Unit at Balikpapan-Indonesia, Asian Journal of Applied Sciences (ISSN: 2321 â€“ 0893),
Volume 05 â€“ Issue 02, April 2017
Silvana D. Costa. et. al. â€œEvaluation Safety Integrity Level Using Layer of Protection Analysis in Recycle Gas
First Stage Cycle Compressor at PT. Pertamina Perseroâ€ ., Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences,
(20) June 2015, Pages: 154-163, 2015.
Skrtic, Lana, â€œHydrogen Sulfide, Oil and Gas, and Peopleâ€™s Healthâ€, Energy and Resources Group University of
California, Berkeley. 2006.
. summers, Angela. â€œSafety Integrity Level: Do You Understand The Odds?â€ (Journal of Control Engineering, SISTECH
solution, LLC, 2000.
. The Norwegian oil industry association, OLF Recommended Guidelines for the application of IEC 61508 and IEC
in the petroleum activities on the Norwegian Continental Shelf, No.: 070 Date effective: 1.0 2, .2001.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.