Benefits of an 8-form Tai Chi Training Exercise on Balance Performance, Falling Risk, and Muscle Strengths in Elderly with Limited Strength: A Feasibility Study

Jarinee Jiraphan, Praneet Pensri, Pakpachong Vadhanasin, Chaipat Lawsirirat

Abstract


The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an 8-form Tai Chi training exercise on balance performance, falling risk, and muscle strengths in elderly with limited strength. Twenty-six females between 70-85 years old with balance problem and moderate lower extremity muscular strengths (grade 2+ to 3+) without prior Tai Chi training volunteered for the study. The participants underwent the 8-form Tai Chi training exercise for 45 minutes/session, 3 sessions a week for 12 weeks. Balance performance (m-CTSIB, Postural Stability Balance Test, and 8-foot up-and-go Test), falling risk (Fall Risk Overall Stability Test and Fear of Falling Assessment), and muscle strengths (30-second Chair Stand Test and Pressure Biofeedback Unit Test) were assessed during pretest, mid-test, and post-test. One-way repeated measures ANOVA was conducted at the significant level of 0.05. The results after 6 weeks of training showed that balance and falling risk were improved where 8 foot up-and-go test and fear of falling assessment were significantly better than pre-experiment, while after 12 weeks, balance, falling risk, and lower extremity muscular strengths were significantly improved when compared to the pre-experiment. The 12-week 8-form Tai Chi training exercise was safe and effective in improving balance, falling risk, and lower extremity muscular strengths in ageing people with limited strengths.

Keywords


Tai Chi, balance, ageing, fear of falling, muscle strength

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24203/ajas.v7i3.5869

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