Prevalence of Cumulative Trauma Disorders among Computer Work Station Users in Kakamega County, Kenya
Keywords:OSHA, Occupation Safety and Health Association, CTDs, Cumulative Trauma Disorders
The incidence rate of cumulative trauma disorders particularly injuries of the wrists, arms, shoulders and lower back, along with the financial and non-financial costs resulting from these disorders is receiving an increasing amount of attention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cumulative trauma injuries among computer user employees in Kakamega County.194 respondents were identified and One-way ANOVA was used to determine the interrelationship between the variables and presented in ANOVA tables. 38.5% secretaries and 34.5% officers suffered from low back strain attributed to lack of adherence to OSHA guidelines in office set up. 43% of them worked with their forearms, wrists and hands elevated, 65% did not support their lumber area on the backrests, 27% had their screens above their sitting eye level and the monitors were not placed right in front of them. Due to non-adherence to OSHA computer workstation guidelines, the employees suffered from various Cumulative Trauma Disorders. 20% of the employees suffered from wrist ganglion, 18% radial tunnel syndrome, 18% lateral epicondylitis, 23% rotator cuff tendinitis, 26% thoracic outlet syndrome, 22% neck tension syndrome, 36% low back strain, 29% nerve entrapments and 32% eye strain.
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