The Effect Progressive Muscle Relaxation And Deepth Breathing On Ansietas Level Caregiver Of Paliative Care Patients

Omi Haryati, Nur Halimah Gunawan, Nurdiana Siahaan


Emotional mental disorders experienced by caregiver due to treating palliative patients which can threaten the integrity of both internal and external self. The study was conducted to determine the effect of progressive relaxation and deep breathing to reduce anxiety in caregiver when treating palliative patients in hospitals. The design of this study is "experimental quasi pre-post test with control group". In the intervention group given progressive relaxation therapy and deep breathing. The number of samples of this study was 40 respondents in each group (intervention and control). The instrument in this study uses the HARS (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale). Data analysis includes univariate analysis carried out to describe the characteristics of each variable measured in the study. Bivariate analysis was carried out to identify the effect of progressive relaxation packages on reducing levels of caregiver anxiety in treating palliative patients. Homogeneity of the characteristics of respondents in two groups, that is variables of age, sex, education, occupation, marital status, duration of illness is done by Chi-Square test. From the results of the study there was no decrease in the response of physical anxiety (p = 0.493), cognitive (p = 0.223), attitude (p = 0.953) and psychological (p = 0.933) in the intervention group. As well in the control group (p> 0.05) except for the attitude element (p = 0.013), The results of this study concluded that there was no significant decrease in anxiety response after intervention in deep breath relaxation and progressive muscle relaxation in caregiver who treated palliative patients.


Caregiver, palliative care, anxiety, progressive relaxation therapy and deepth breathing

Full Text:



. Stuart, Gail and Laraia , Pocket book of mental health nursing 3 th edition, EGC Jakarta , 2005

. Videbeck, S.L.. Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing. (3rd edition). Philadhelpia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, (2006)

. Manzoni, G.M., Pagini, F., Castelnuovo, G., & Molinary,E (2008) Relaxation Training for anxiety: a ten year systematic review with mata-analysis. Bio Medical Central Psychiatry, 2017

. Greenberg, D.,& Padesky, C.A. Comprehensive Stress Management, 8 th edition McGraw-Hill New York, 2002

. Nevid,J.S., Rathus, S.A., & Greene, B. Abnormal Psychologi 1 th edition Jakarta: Erlangga Publishers, 2005

Davis, M., Eshelman,E.R., & Mc Kay,M.. The Relaxation& Stress Reduction Workbook. Interpreted 1995. Jakarta: EGC Medical Book Publishers.

. Nijboer, C., Tempelaar, R., Sanderman, R., Triemstra, M., Spruijt, R. J., & Van Den Bos, G. A. M. Cancer and caregireing: the impac on the caregiver’s health. Journal Psycho- Oncology 1998

Deviana, YTogetherness As Psychosocial Therapy For Cancer Patients. . 2007

. Yalom, I. D. The Theory and Practice of Group Psycotherapi. USA: Basic Books. . 1985

. Kazdin Behavior Modification in Applied Setting. 6th edition. Wadworth/Thompson Learning. USA 2001.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.