Analysis of Factors Associated with Occurrence of Anemia on Male Farmer using Pesticides, PPE in Brumbun Village, Maduran Sub-district Lamongan District


  • Qomariyatus Sholihah Lambung Mangkurat University


Pesticides, Farmer, PPE, anemia, Lamongan


Early detection of pesticide poisoning and anemia is to prevent the onset of chronic health problems and death. The incidence of pesticides poisoning in farmers affected by many factors both by environment and behavioral factors farmers themselves in every contact with the pesticide. Research objective is to identify factors associated anemia in male farmers who use pesticides in the Brumbun village Maduran District of Lamongan. Research method was an observational analytic cross-sectional observational approach. Population and sample are all male farmer pesticide applicators 144 people in the Brumbun village farmer groups Maduran District of Lamongan. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling method. Research results wearing of personal protective equipment (PPE) while spraying on the incidence of anemia in 67.9% of the farmers wearing incomplete PPE, <5 types of PPE. The number of pesticides kind with the incidence of anemia was 56.6% using one kind of pesticide. Spraying duration with anemia of 79.2% categorized as good ≤ 3 hours / day spraying duration, anemia occurance is 60.4%. There is no significant relationship between the wearing of PPE in the occurrence of anemia among farmers with the p-value of 0.445. There is no significant relationship between number kinds of pesticides with anemia with a p-value of 0.270. There is no significant relationship between the spraying duration with anemia with a p-value of 0.665. Suggestions conducted periodic inspection by health center, counseling and training from the health department and the department of agriculture.


Sudargo, Toto. 1997. Behavior and Toxicity Levels Farmers in Pesticide Use in the Brebes District, News Medical Society XII (e) UGM, Yogyakarta.

Sugiartoto Agus, S Lolit, Warsono. 1999. Pesticides are Dangerous to Health, Publishers Foundation Duta Awam, Solo.

IARC. 1991. Occupational Exposures And Some Pesticide Insecticide Application, WHO.

Spears R. 1991. Recognized and Possible Exposure to Pesticides in Hand book of Pesticide Toxicology, Vol.I, 245-271

Nurhayati. 1997. The relationship model of protective clothing with decreased choline esterase on farmers spraying pests of vegetables. Thesis. Jakarta : Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia,.

Meddleston, P.Eyer F.Worek, MHR Sheriff and NA Buckley. 2008. Predicting outcome using butyrylcholinesterase activity in organophosphorus pesticide self-poisoning. Q Jmed; 101: 467-474.

Katerine TM, Aaron B, Laura EBF, Dale PS, & Jane AH.2009. Pesticides and myocardial infarction incidence and mortality infarction of male pesticide applicators Among in the Agricultural Health Study. AMJ Epidemiol; 170: 892-900.

Notoatmodjo. 2005. Methodology health research. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta,.

Sularti & Abi M. 2012. The level of knowledge of the dangers of pesticides and personal protective equipment usage habits seen from the appearance of signs of poisoning symptoms in farmers' groups in Karanganyar Journal. Kartasura: Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Rani AW. 2013. The relationship between the level of knowledge about pesticides and the wearing of personal protective equipment with pesticide poisoning in vegetable farmer Rurukan Satu village The Eastern Tomohon District of Tomohon Tomohon. The article. Manado: Public Health Faculty , University of Sam Ratulangi ..

Yuyun K. 2012. Risk factors associated with the incidence of pesticide poisoning among farmers spraying onion crop in the village of Tanjung district Sengon Brebes Journal of Public Health, State University of Semarang .; 2252-6781.




How to Cite

Sholihah, Q. (2014). Analysis of Factors Associated with Occurrence of Anemia on Male Farmer using Pesticides, PPE in Brumbun Village, Maduran Sub-district Lamongan District. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 2(6). Retrieved from