An Exploration of the Correlation between First Year Studentsâ€™ Performance in Communicative Skills and their Performance in English in the West African Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination
Keywords:Communicative Skills, English Language, Correlation, WASSSCE, Performance
This paper explores the relationship between studentsâ€™ scores in English Language (EL) in senior high school (SHS) and those they obtain in Communicative Skills (CS), a course at the university level based on English for Academic Purpose (EAP). Over the years, studentsâ€™ performance in CS, which is geared towards sharpening studentsâ€™ language skills, has become a major concern to both students and lecturers at the University of Cape Coast. Nonetheless, current literature on CS is bereft of connecting studentsâ€™ output in EL with that of CS. This study therefore attempted to bridge this lacuna by employing statistical analysis of studentsâ€™ entry grades in EL and the grade they subsequently obtain in CS to extrapolate the link between their scores in EL and CS. The analysis shows that although there is a positive correlation between studentsâ€™ score in EL and CS, that correlation is not significant, suggesting that other factors like studentsâ€™ attitude and lecturersâ€™ teaching style and competence may be responsible for the grades students acquire in CS. The findings have implications for further research and CS pedagogy.
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