An Exploratory Analysis of Public Healthcare Data: A Case Study of Jammu & Kashmir State
Keywords:â€” Public Healthcare, HMIS, Community Health Centre, Primary Health Centre, Sub-centre
With the rapid applications of ICT in public healthcare system, there is growing clamor for data analytics for effective implementation of programmes and policies and efficient use of resources available. The public healthcare system of India has grown leap bound but policy formulation on the basis of public healthcare data is still not being carried out. Health Planners and management personnel rely mainly on the basis of previous experiences to formulate ad hoc decisions rather than seeking relevant data.Â The purpose of this paper is to address this area by exploring the administrative data especially facility level data of Jammu & Kashmir State and its use in resource management effectively. In this paper, we conduct an exploratory secondary data analysis of facility level data of Jammu & Kashmir, India by using SPSS Modeler, a data mining tool. The public healthcare data is obtained from HMIS database. We analyze data to identify patterns by exploring the structure of public healthcare institutions prevalent in J&K along with the distribution of patients in different districts. We found high variation and significant differences among districts as far as healthcare facility distribution is concerned.Â There are significant relationships among public healthcare institutions available in each district of J&K. We observed that although there is significant distribution of healthcare facilities but still the distribution pattern is not uniform.Â We recommend suggestions which can improve the patient services and overall performance of public healthcare institutions.
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