Blockchain-Enabled Multisensor Clinical Laboratory Information System

Authors

  • Daeun Lok Johns Hopkins University
  • Kyle Bartrem Johns Hopkins University
  • Geraldine Chi Johns Hopkins University

Keywords:

Blockchain, Sensor, IoT, Information System, EHR, Clinical

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to design an information system for clinics to implement multiple sensors for laboratory testing and telemedicine use.  IoT is adopted in major hospitals but many smaller healthcare organizations have not benefited from the recent innovation due to lack of access to technology [1].  The paper presents the 'sensor lab' information system architecture for small clinics that includes sensors, a secure blockchain cloud to link the sensors and transmit data, and an electronic health record (EHR) analytics tool to evaluate patients’ health conditions.  Additionally, costs and benefits for smart clinics are shown to prove the business value of smart clinics.  The goal of a smart clinic is to improve outpatient visit efficiency and patient data security, provide telemedicine care management, and reduce clinic expenses.

Author Biography

Daeun Lok, Johns Hopkins University

Carey Business School MS Information Systems

References

Are Virtual Care Clinics the Wave of the Future? (2016, Aug.). USNews.com.

Retrieved from https://www.usnews. com/news/articles/2016-08-17/are-virtual-care-clinics-the-wave-of-the-future

Clinical Program (2017, May). Bio Sensors International. Retrieved from http://www.biosensors.com/intl/clinical-program

Zweig, M.H. (1988, April ). Evaluation of the Clinical Accuracy of Laboratory Tests. Retrieved April 30, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3355338

Clinical Lab (2017, May). MedicalPriceOnline.com. Retrieved from https://www. medicalpriceonline.com/medical-equipment/clinical-lab/

The Benefits of Blockchains Across Industries (2016, April). Retrieved from http://www.oracle.com/us/corporate/profit/big-ideas/041316-siyer-2982371.html

Mega Data Breaches Could Drive the Blockchain Revolution. (2017, May). Retrieved from https://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/opinions/data-breaches-Blockchain-revolution/

Introduction to Smart Contracts. (2017, May). Solidity.readthedocs.io. Retrieved from http://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/develop/introduction-to-smart-contracts.html

Yuan, B., Lin, W., & McDonnell, C. (n.d.). Blockchains and Electronic Health Records. Retrieved April 30, 2017, from http://mcdonnell.mit.edu/Blockchain_ehr.pdf

Bulkin, A. (2016, May 03). Explaining Blockchain-how proof of work enables trustless consensus. Retrieved April 30, 2017, from https://keepingstock.net/explaining-Blockchain-how-proof-of-work -enables-trustless-consensus-2abed27f0845-work-enables-trustless-consensus-2abed27f0845

Barton, personal communication, April 28, 2017)

Kott, personal communication, April 17, 2017

Chronic Disease Overview (2017, May). CDC.gov. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/overview/

Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information, 65 FR 82802 (2000).

Wang, Y., Chen, R., Ghosh, J., Denny, J. C., Kho, A., Chen, Y., . . . Sun, J. (2015). Rubik. Proceedings of the 21th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining - KDD 15. doi:10.1145/2783258.2783395

Gruenheid, A. (2016). Data Integration with Dynamic Data Sources (Doctoral dissertation, ETH Zurich).

Szlosek, D. A., & Ferretti, J. M. (2016). Using Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing Algorithms to Automate the Evaluation of Clinical Decision Support in Electronic Medical Record Systems. EGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes), 4(3). doi:10.13063/2327-9214.1222

Bureau, U. C. (2014, November 25). Ambulatory Health Care Services Receipts and Employment on the Rise. Retrieved May 02, 2017, from https://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2014/cb14-216.html

Bernstein AB, Hing E, Moss AJ, Allen KF, Siller AB, Tiggle RB. Health care in America:

Trends in utilization. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. 2003.

US Census Bureau. (2014, November 25). Ambulatory Health Care Services Receipts and Employment on the Rise. Retrieved May 02, 2017, from https://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2014/cb14-216.html

Health Clinics Nationwide Compared to Planned Parenthood Centers (2017, May). LozierInsititute.org. Retrieved from https://lozierinstitute.org/health-clinics-nationwide-compared-to-planned-parenthood-centers/

Suszek, A. (2017, May). Malpractice Claims for Delayed Diagnosis. Retrieved from http://www.alllaw.com/articles/nolo/medical-malpractice/delayed-diagnosis.html

Dietsche, E. (2016, January 14). 60 things to know about the hospital industry | 2016. Retrieved May 02, 2017, from http://www.beckershospitalreview.com/lists/50-things-to-know-about-the-hospital-industry-2016.html

Murray, D. (2004, March). S Corp, C Corp, LLC, LLP-which is best? Retrieved March 5, 2004, from http://www.modernmedicine.com/modern-medicine/content/s-corp-c-corp-llc-llp-which-best

Lok, personal communication, April 17, 2017

Downloads

Published

2018-01-14

How to Cite

Lok, D., Bartrem, K., & Chi, G. (2018). Blockchain-Enabled Multisensor Clinical Laboratory Information System. Asian Journal of Business and Management, 5(6). Retrieved from https://ajouronline.com/index.php/AJBM/article/view/4954