Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTs) based Assessment for Learning: A Model for Computer Networks Learning in Vocational School


  • Muhammad Yassir Department of Vocational Education, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Indonesia
  • Husain Syam Department of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Indonesia
  • Hasanah Nur Department of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Indonesia




AFL, HOTS, computer network learning, students of vocational high school.


Vocational High School is a kind of school that has a strategic role in fulfilling labors. One of the competencies that graduates of Vocational High School must have is the Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS). Many graduates of Vocational High School are not absorbed by industry because they do not have HOTS. This study aims to develop a HOTS-based Assessment for Learning (AFL) model that can be applied to learning computer networks for vocational students. This research is a development research using the modified model of Hopkins and Clark - Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation (HC-ADDIE), which is a collaboration and modification of research, development, and diffusion model of the Hopkins and Clark - Instructional System Design - Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation (HC-ISD ADDIE), and Classroom Action Research (CAR). The development stage includes designing a prototype model, validating the model, testing legibility, training teachers / observers, and implementing limited and expanded trials. The results showed that the HOTS-based AFL model of computer network learning for vocational students was successfully developed through the HC-ADDIE modified model.


Jabidi A, Slamet A, Khumaedi M. Kompetensi Kewirausahaan Siswa Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan. Journal of Vocational and Career Education [Internet]. 2017 Dec 11 [cited 2021 Feb 19];2(2). Available from: https://journal.unnes.ac.id/nju/index.php/jvce/article/view/13812

Alimudin IA, Permana T, Sriyono S. STUDI KESIAPAN KERJA PESERTA DIDIK SMK UNTUK BEKERJA DI INDUSTRI PERBAIKAN BODI OTOMOTIF. Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education. 2018;5(2):191–7.

Rose C, Nicholl MJ. Accelerated learning for the 21st century : cara belajar cepat abad XXI. Bandung: Nuansa; 2002.

Akuntono I. 2013, Pendidikan Nasional Sarat dengan Masalah Krusial [Internet]. KOMPASIANA. 2014 [cited 2021 Feb 19]. Available from: https://edukasi.kompas.com/read/2014/01/02/1508506/2013.Pendidikan.Nasional.Sarat.dengan.Masalah.Krusial

Nugroho RA. HOTS (Kemampuan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi: konsep, pembelajaran, penilaian, dan soal-soal). Jakarta: Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia; 2018.

Osborne J, Dillon J. Science Education in Europe: Critical Reflections. In: A Report to the Nuffield Foundation. London; 2008.

Heong YM, Othman WB, Yunos JBM, Kiong TT, Hassan RB, Mohamad MMB. The Level of Marzano Higher Order Thinking Skillsamong Technical Education Students. IJSSH. 2011;1(2):121–5.

Cotton K. Developing Employability Skills. USA; 1993.

Robinson JP. Information_Grade10_WhatAreEmployabilitySkills.pdf. ALABAMA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SYSTEM [Internet]. 2000 Sep 15 [cited 2021 Feb 19];1(3). Available from: https://www.middletowncityschools.com/media/studentservices/Information_Grade10_WhatAreEmployabilitySkills.pdf

Abosalem Y. Assessment Techniques and Students’ Higher-Order Thinking Skills. International Journal of Secondary Education. 2016 Mar 7;4(1):1.

Brookhart SM, Nitko AJ. Assessment and grading in classrooms. New Jersey: Pearson Mermill Prentice Hall; 2008.

Chappuis S, Stiggins RJ. Classroom Assessment for Learning. Educational Leadership. 2002 Sep;60(1):5.

Miarso Y. Menyemai benih teknologi pendidikan. Jakarta: Kencana; 2007.




How to Cite

Yassir, M., Syam, H., & Nur, H. (2022). Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTs) based Assessment for Learning: A Model for Computer Networks Learning in Vocational School. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.24203/ajas.v10i1.6876