The Origin, Prevalence, Diagnosis and Treatment of COVID-19: An Overview

Authors

  • Mahideen Afridi National Center for Bioinformatics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
  • Khurshid Ahmad Collage of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, No. 5, YuShan Road, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266003, P. R. China
  • Nasir Ali Khan Department of Microbiology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
  • Abid Khan Center of Biotechnology & Microbiology (COBAM), University of Peshawar 25120, Pakistan
  • Feifei Wang Collage of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, No. 5, YuShan Road, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266003, P. R. China
  • Faiza Yaseen Collage of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, No. 5, YuShan Road, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266003, P. R. China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24203/ajas.v9i3.6647

Keywords:

COVID-19, Vaccines, WHO, SARS-CoV-2, Viruses, Pandemic and vaccine

Abstract

The outbreak of COVID-19 was emerged initially in Wuhan, Hubei province of China in December 2019 then quickly spread throughout the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed it a public health emergency of global concern and is causing cumulative alarm. The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) named acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 virus is composed of ssRNA having 60-120 nm of genomic diameter. It has high infection ability and a low mortality rate then (SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV). Now a vaccine has been developed for the treatment of COVID-19. The prevention of existing viruses must be followed by WHO guidance i.e. social separation, washing hands regularly, disinfecting use in the workplace and home. Here we summarize the origin, prevalence, diagnosis, treatments, as well listed of vaccines against the COVID-19 virus. The main aim of the current review article comprises data obtained from current research papers and WHO recommendations to prevention, care, trial with a new investigation of research, treatment, an invention of updated vaccines, and provide bibliophiles through the present information on the emerging contagious outbreak.

Author Biographies

Khurshid Ahmad, Collage of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, No. 5, YuShan Road, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266003, P. R. China

Food Science and Engineering 600-700

Nasir Ali Khan, Department of Microbiology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan

Microbiology 400-500

Abid Khan, Center of Biotechnology & Microbiology (COBAM), University of Peshawar 25120, Pakistan

Center of Biotechnology & Microbiology (COBAM) 1800-1850

Feifei Wang, Collage of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, No. 5, YuShan Road, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266003, P. R. China

Food Sciences and Engineering 600-700

Faiza Yaseen, Collage of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, No. 5, YuShan Road, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266003, P. R. China

Collage of Marine Life Sciences, 600-700

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2021-07-01

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Afridi, M., Ahmad, K., Khan, N. A. ., Khan, A., Wang, F. ., & Yaseen, F. (2021). The Origin, Prevalence, Diagnosis and Treatment of COVID-19: An Overview. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.24203/ajas.v9i3.6647

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