The Extent of Inadequate Drug Storage: A Household Survey in Jatinegara, East Jakarta
AbstractPoor drug storage at home may lead to physicochemical degradation of drugs and in further cases, irrational drug use. This study aims to investigate the tendency of inappropriate storage, the purpose and type of drugs kept at home, as well as predicted risk factors. Methods: Study involved 295 households as respondents obtained from multistage cluster sampling. Structured questionnaire was utilized to gain the data and logistic regression analyses were employed to estimate the factors association with improper storage. Results: Out of 295 respondents, 269 (91.2%) were females, unemployed (228; 77.3%), aged under 45 years old (162; 54.9%), and most had only attained secondary level of education or less (273; 92.5%). Out of 2571 drug items stored, the most common drug was analgesics (581; 22.6%). Antibiotics account for approximately ten percent item stored at home. Most of drugs kept at home were intended for future use (1265; 49.2%). There were 82 households kept ethical drugs without prescriptions. The risk of inadequate drug storage was significantly increased with older age (adjusted OR= 0.591, 95% CI 0.342-1.021, p=0.05) and employment status (adjusted OR=0.418, 95% CI 0.229-0.760, p=0.004). The average number of drugs kept at home had correlation with chronic disease treatment in the family (p=0.046) and when no children under 5 years of age (p=0.033). Conclusions: poor home drug storage require further patient education to prevent drug misuse and preserve the good quality of drugs.
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