Synthesis and Characterization of Copper,Iron Oxide Nanoparticles used to Remove Lead from Aquous Solution
Keywords:Copper oxide, iron oxide, nanoparticles, synthesis, lead ion, characterization
Copper oxide, CuO and Iron oxide, Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by simple and practically available methods from their corresponding salts, structural characterization using X-ray diffraction indicated that the particle size of CuO and Fe3O4nanopartices were 7.43 nm and 12.04 nmÂ respectively, Â this is being confirmed by scannning electron and atomic force. microscopy techniques, finally these oxides were used to separate lead ion from its aqueous solution via adsorption batch method in which removal efficiency of 84.162 % was achieved using copper oxide and 88.028 % using iron oxide.
Uzun I., andGuzel F., Ê»Ê» Adsorption of some heavy metal ions from aqueous solution by activated carbon with those of some other adsorbent Ê¼Ê¼, Turk. J. Chem., 24, 291-297, 2000.
Awan M. A., Qazi I. A., and Khalid I.,Ê»Ê»Removal of Heavy Metals through Adsorption Using Sand Ê¼Ê¼, Environ. Sci., 15(3), 413-416, 2003.
N. Li, and R. Bai,Ê»Ê»Highly Enhanced Adsorption of Lead Ions on Chitosan Granules Functionalized with Poly(acrylic acid) Ê¼Ê¼, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 45, 7897-7904, 2006.
V.K.Gupta, S.Agarwal, and T.A.Saleh,Ê»Ê» Synthesis and characterization of alumina-coated carbon nanotubes and their application for lead removalÊ¼Ê¼, J.Hazard.Mater, 185, 17-23, 2011.
Z.Cheng, A.L.K.Tan, Y.Tao, D.Shan,K.E.Ting, andX.J.Yin,Ê»Ê»Synthesis and Characterization of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles and Applications in the Removal of Heavy Metals from Industrial WastewaterÊ¼Ê¼,International J Photoenergy, 2012 ,1-5, 2012.
K.L.Palanisamy, V.Devabharathi, andN.M.Sundaram,Ê»Ê» The utility of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles stabilized by carrier oils in removal of heavy metals from waste waterÊ¼Ê¼, International Journal of Research in Applied, Natural and Social Sciences, 1, 4, 15-22, 2013.
A.A..Farghali, M.Bahgat, and M.H.Ghedr,Ê»Ê»Adsorption of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions using copper oxide nanostructures Ê¼Ê¼, BeniSuef university Journal of Basic ans Applied Sciences, 2, 61-71, 2013.
A. Imtiaz and U.Rafique, Ê»Ê»Synthesis of Metal Oxides and its Application as Adsorbent for the Treatment of Wastewater EffluentÊ¼Ê¼, International Journal of Chemical and Enviromental Engineering, 2, 6, 399-405, 2011.
U.Rafique, A. Imtiaz, and A.K.Khan, Ê»Ê»Synthesis, Characterization and Application of Nanomaterials for the Removal of Emerging Pollutants from Industrial WasteWater, Kinetics and Equilibrium ModelÊ¼Ê¼, Journal of Water Sustainability, 2,4 , 233-344, 2012.
X.Wang, Y.Guo, L.Yang, M.Han, J.Zhao and X.Cheng, Ê»Ê»Nanomaterials as sorbent to removeheavy metal ions in wastewater treatmentÊ¼Ê¼, Environmental and Analytical Toxicology, 2, 7, 2-7, 2012.
N. Savage, and M. S. Diallo,Ê»Ê»Nanomaterials and Water Purification: Opportunities and ChallengesÊ¼Ê¼, J. Nanopart. Res., 7, 331-342, 2005.
N.N. Mallikarjuna, and A.Venkataraman, Ê»Ê»Adsorption of Pb 2+ ions on nanosized Î³-Fe 2O3: formation of surface ternary complexes on ligand complexationÊ¼Ê¼,Talanta., 60,1, 139-147, 2003.
C.M. Gonzalez, J. Hernandez , J. R. Peralta-Videa, C. E. Botez, J. G. Parsons, and J. L. Gardea- Torresdey,Ê»Ê»Sorption kinetic study of selenite and selenate onto a high and low pressure aged iron oxide nanomaterialÊ¼Ê¼, J. Hazard. Mater, 211,138-145, 2012.
B. Prasad, C. Ghosh, A.Chakraborty, N. Bandyopadhyay, and R.K. Ray,Ê»Ê»Adsorption of arsenite (As 3+) on nano-sized Fe 2O3 waste powder from the steel industryÊ¼Ê¼, Desalination. 274,1 ,105-112, 2011.
P.I. Girginova P. I., A. L. Daniel-da-Silva, C. B. Lopes, P. Figueira, M. Otero, V. S. Amaral, E. Pereira, and T. Trindade,Ê»Ê» Silica coated magnetite particles for magnetic removal of Hg2+ from water.Ê¼Ê¼, J. Colloid Interface Sci.,345, 234-240, 2010.
[ 16 ]MaqusoodAhamed, Hisham A. Alhadlaq, M. A. Majeed Khan,PonmuruganKaruppiah,andNaif A. Al-Dhabi, Ê»Ê»Synthesis, Characterization, and Antimicrobial Activity ofCopper Oxide NanoparticlesÊ¼Ê¼,Hindawi Publishing Corportion,Journal of Nanomaterials, 2014, 4, 2014.
[ 17 ]Amrut. S. Lanje, Satish J. Sharma, Ramchandara B. Pode, Raghumani S. Ningthoujam,Ê»Ê»Synthesis and optical characterization of copper oxide nanoparticles.Ê¼Ê¼,Pelagia Research Library, Advances in Applied Science Research, 1, 2, 36-40, 2010.
K. L. Palanisamy, V. Devabhrathi, and N. Meenakshisundaram, Ê»Ê» The Utility of Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Stabilized by Carrier Oils in Removal of Heavy Metals from Waste Water.Ê¼Ê¼,International Journal of
Research in Applied, Natural and Social Sciences ,IJRANSS, 1 , 4, 15-22, 2013.
Areej. A. JarullahKarim. H. Hassan and Mahasin. F. Alias,Ê»Ê»Removal of Nickel (II) from Aqueous Solution Using Activated Charcoal Derived from the Leaves of Bitter Orange Tree (Citrus aurantium)Ê¼Ê¼, J. Chem. Chem. Eng. 6,1003-1009, 2012.
S.Nath S., D.Chakdar, and G.Gope, Ê»Ê»Preparation of Silver Nanoparticles and Their CharacterizationÊ¼Ê¼, A journal of nanotechnology and its application, 02, 03, 2007.
B. D. Hall, D. Zanchet and D. Ugarte, Ê»Ê»Estimating nanoparticle size from diffraction measurementsÊ¼Ê¼,Journal of Applied Crystallography", 33, 6 , 1335-1341 ,2000.
Karim H Hassan, Tahseen H Mubarak Al-Bayati, and Zena M Ali Abbas,Ê»Ê»Study and Characterization of Copper Oxide Nanoparticles Prepared by Chemical Method using X-Ray Diffraction and Scanning Electron MicroscopeÊ¼Ê¼,American Journal for Scientific Research. ,77, 49-53,2012
A. AshaRadhakrishnan*, and B. BaskaranBeena,Ê»Ê» Structural and Optical Absorption Analysis of CuO NanoparticlesÊ¼Ê¼,Indian Journal of Advances in Chemical Science, 2, 12, 158-161, 2014.
Areej. A. Jarullah, Mahasin. F. Alias and Karim H Hassan,Ê»Ê»Purification of aquous solution from Ni(II) ions using commercial and Bitter Orange leaves activated charcoalÊ¼Ê¼,,Journal of Al-NahrainUniversity Science, 17, 1, 32-40, 2014.
A. Uheida, M. Iglesias, and C. Fontas et al.,Ê»Ê»Sorption of palladium(II), rhodium(III), and platinum(IV) on Fe3O4 nanoparticlesÊ¼Ê¼, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 301, 2, 402â€“408, 2006.
A. Uheida, G. Salazar-Alvarez, E. Bjorkman, Z. Yu, and M. Muhammed,Ê»Ê»Fe3O4 and [gamma]-Fe2O3 nanoparticles for the adsorption of Co2+ from aqueous solutionÊ¼Ê¼, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 298, 2, 501â€“507, 2006.
H. Sun, X. Zhang, Q. Niu, Y. Chen, and J. C. Crittenden, , Ê»Ê»Enhanced accumulation of arsenate in carp in the presence of titanium dioxide nanoparticlesÊ¼Ê¼,Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 178, 1â€“4, 245â€“254, 2007.
M. Hussain , Synthesis, characterization and application of metal oxides nanostructures, Division of Physics and Electronics Department of Science and Technology (ITN), LinkÙping University, Sweden, 2014
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.