Biosorption of Lead using Macroalgae <i>Eucheuma spinosum</i>, <i>Padina minor</i> and <i>Sargassum crassifolium</i> in Aqueous Solution


  • Lily Surayya Eka Putri State Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta


Biosorption, Lead, Macroalgae


Lead is one of water the pollutants emerged highly concentration in watershed of Jakarta city, Indonesia. Biosorption using macroalgae is the efficient method used to eliminate heavy metals from liquid waste. Eucheuma spinosum, Padina minor and Sargassum crassifolium are the origin species of macroalgae from Indonesia that were used to analyze the ability of adsorption of lead from aqueous solution.  Samples collected at Pari and Pramuka Island, Seribu Island, North Jakarta, Indonesia were used to adsorb lead with variety of adsorption time of 10, 20, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes and variety of initial concentration of lead, 200, 300, 400,500, 750 and 1000 mg/L, using duplicate assessment at the pH 5. The highest lead removal was 98-99% in the concentration of 750 mg/L for E. spinosum and of 1000 mg/L for P. minor and S. crassifolium which was achieved within 60 minutes. The binding of lead by S. crassifolium followed Freundlich model while Langmuir model fitted better in E. spinosum and P. minor with their R2 of 0.976, 0.984 and 0.934, respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity of lead was 55.56 mg/g for S. crassifolium, followed by P. minor and E. spinosum was 40.00 and 32.26 mg/g.

Author Biography

Lily Surayya Eka Putri, State Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology


Al-Homaidan AA, Al-Ghanayem AA and Al-Khalifa AH., “Green algae as bioindicator of heavy metal pollution in Wadi Hanifah Stream, Riyadh, Saudi Arabiaâ€, Int. J. Water Resour. Arid Environ., 1(1), 10-15, 2011.

Brooks CS., “Metal Recovery from Industrial Wastesâ€, Lewis Publisher, Ins., Michigan, USA, 1991.

Indonesian Government Regulation No. 82 year 2001, The Treatment of Water Quality and Water Pollution Control.

Ika, Tahril and Said I., “The analysis of lead (Pb) and iron (Fe) metals in the sea water of coastal area of Taipa’s Ferry Harbor Sub-district of North Paluâ€, J. Akad. Kim, 1 (4), 181-186, 2012.

Putri LSE, Prasetyo AD and Arifin Z., “Green mussel (Perna viridis) as bioindicator of heavy metals pollution at Kamal Estuary, Jakarta Bay, Indonesiaâ€, JERAD, 6 (3), 1-8, 2012.

Decision of Environment Ministry of Indonesia Republic No. 51 year 2004, Treshold of Sea Water for Marine Organisms.

Lestari and Edward, “Effect of heavy metals pollution to seawater quality and fishery resource (case study on fish death in Jakarta Bay)â€, Makara, Sains, 8 (2), 52-58, 2004.

Amdur MO, Doull J and Klaassen CD., Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, 1991.

Flora G, Gupta D and Tiwari A., “Toxicity of lead: A review with recent Updatesâ€, Interdiscip. Toxicol. ,5 (2), 47-58, 2012.

Huang S and Lin G., “Biosorption of Hg(II) and Cu(II) by biomass of dried Sargassum fusiforme in aquatic Solutionâ€, J. Environ. Health Sci. Eng., 13 (21), 1-8, 2015.

Sweetly DJ, Sangeetha K and Suganthi B., “Biosorption of heavy metal lead from aqueous solution by non-living biomass Sargassum myriocystumâ€, IJAIEM., 3 (4), 39-45, 2014.

Putri LSE, Fauziah and Dasumiati, “Biosorption ability of microalgae Scenedesmus dimorphus for Cr (VI) and Cd in aqueous solutionâ€, Adv. Sci. Lett., 21, 196-198, 2015.

Vimala R and Das N., “Biosorption cadmium (II) and lead (II) from aqueous solutions using mushrooms: A comparative studyâ€, J. Hazard. Mater.,2009, 168, 376-382, 2009.

Ashraf MA, Mahmood K and Wajid A., “Study of low cost for biosorption of heavy metalsâ€, In Proceeding of International Conference on Food Engineering and Biotechnology IPCBEE 9, Singapore, 60-68, 2011.

Ronaldo IH, Silalahi N, Wahyuni, “Adsorption of Cu (II) ion using brown algae biomass encapsulated aqua-silica gelâ€, JKK, 2 (3), 148-152, 2013.

Sudiarta IW and Diantariani NP, “Biosorption of Cr (III) on biosorbentof seaweed Euchema spinosumâ€, Indo. J. Chem., 8 (1), 78-82, 2008.

Buhani, Suharso and Sembiring Z., “Biosorption of Pb (II), Cu (II) and Cd (II) ions on Sargassum duplicatum immobilized silica gel matrixâ€, Indo. J. Chem., 6 (3), 245-250, 2006.

Ok YS, Yang JE, Zhang YS, Kim SJ and Chung DY, “Heavy metals adsorption by a formulated zeolit-portland cement mixtureâ€, J. Hazard. Mater., 147, 91-96, 2007.

Mulyana L, Pradiko H and Nasution K, “Choosing adsorption isotherm equation to analyze adsorption capacity of peanut skin on dye remazol golden yellow 6â€, Infomatek, 131-143, 2003.

Wang J and Chen C., “Biosorbents for heavy metals removal and their futureâ€, Biotechnol. Adv., 27, 195-226, 2009.

Brinza L, Dring MJ and Gavrilecu M., “Marine micro- and macro-algal species as biosorbents for heavy metalsâ€, Environ. Eng, Manage. J., 6, 237-251, 2007.

Romera R, Gonzales F, Ballester A, Blazquez ML and Munoz JA., “Biosorption with algae: A statistical reviewâ€, Crit. Rev. Biotechnol., 26, 223-235, 2006.

Sudiarta IW., “Biosorption of Cr (III) ion on Euchema spinosum activated by sulfuric acidâ€. Jurnal Kimia, 3 (2), 93-100, 2009.

Davis TA, Volesky B and Mucci A., “A review of the biochemistry of heavy metal biosorption by brown algaeâ€, Water Res., 37, 4311-4330, 2003.




How to Cite

Putri, L. S. E. (2016). Biosorption of Lead using Macroalgae <i>Eucheuma spinosum</i>, <i>Padina minor</i> and <i>Sargassum crassifolium</i> in Aqueous Solution. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 4(2). Retrieved from