Parasite infection in two goat farms located in Kuala Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia


  • Saad Khadijah University Malaysia Terengganu
  • Tan Fu Hao Andy Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
  • Sultan Syed Abdul Kabeer Khadijah Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
  • Anwarali Khan Mursyidah Khairi Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
  • Hashim Nur Aida Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
  • Ab Rahman Wahab Universiti Malaysia Terengganu


parasitology, goats


A study was conducted to determine the parasite infection in two goat farms located in Sungai Ikan and Pantai Chendering, Kuala Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Twenty goats from each farm were examined for the presence of endo- and ectoparasites. Faecal samples were subjected to worm egg counts for estimation of nematode burdens and also detection of cestodes and oocysts of coccidia. Body examination and skin scrapings were conducted to detect the presence of ticks and mites. Results showed that worm and coccidia infections were common in these two farms, with Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis as the two major worms infecting the goats. Ticks identified from this study were Boophilus sp., Dermacentor sp., Ixodes sp., Haemaphysalis sp. and Rhipicephalus sp., while the mites identified was Psoroptes sp. Parasite infection was generally higher in the farm at Sungai Ikan, when compared to the farm at Pantai Chendering.

Author Biographies

Saad Khadijah, University Malaysia Terengganu

School of Food Science and Technology

Tan Fu Hao Andy, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu

School of Marine Science and Environment

Sultan Syed Abdul Kabeer Khadijah, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu

School of Marine Science and Environment

Anwarali Khan Mursyidah Khairi, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu

School of Marine Science and Environment

Hashim Nur Aida, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu

School of Food Science and Technology

Ab Rahman Wahab, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu

School of Food Science and Technology


Department of Veterinary Services. (2013) Malaysia: Bilangan Ternakan 2012. [Assessed on 1 October 2014)

Department of Statistics Malaysia (2011). Selected indicators for agriculture, crops and livestock, Malaysia 2006-2010. [Assessed on 1 October 2014].

Fadzil, M.Y. The economic importance of parasitism in food animals in Peninsular Malaysia. Proceedings of the Conference on Health and Production of Local and Australian Cattle in Southeast Asia, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 62-79, 1977.

Dorny, P., Clarebout, E., Vercruysse, J., Sani, R. and Jalila A. Anthelmintic resistance in goats in Peninsular Malaysia. Veterinary Parasitology 55:327-342, 1994.

Chandrawathani, P., Adnan, M. and Waller, P.J. Anthelmintic resistance in sheep and goat farms on Peninsular Malaysia. Veterinary Parasitology 82:305-310, 1999.

Chandrawathani, P., Yusoff, N., Wan, L.C., Ham, A. and Waller, P.J. Total anthelmintic failure to control nematode parasite of small ruminants on government breeding farms in Sabah, East Malaysia. Veterinary Research Communications 28:479-489, 2004.

Gordon, M.L. The epidemiology of parasitic diseases, with special reference to studies with nematode parasite of sheep. The Australian Veterinary Journal 24(2):17-45, 1948.

Sani, R.A. and Rajamanickam, C. Gastrointestinal parasitism in small ruminants in Malaysia. In Proc. Integrated Tree Cropping and Small Ruminant Production Systems Workshop. Medan, Indonesia, 4–9 September 1990, pp. 197–201, 1990.

Norakmar, I., Chandrawathani, P., Nurulaini, R., Zawida, Z., Premaalatha, B., Imelda Lynn, V., Adnan, M., Jamnah, O. and Zaini, C.M. Prevalence of helminthiasis in relation to climate in small ruminants in Perak in 1998 and 2008. Malaysian Journal of Veterinary Research 1(1): 37-44, 2010.

Sani, R.A., Adnan, M., Cheah, T.S. and Chandrawathani, P. Worm control for small ruminants in Serdang West Malaysia. Kajian Veterinar 17:127-131, 2004.

Zamri-Saad, M., Sheikh-Omar, A.R., Chooi, K.F. and Chulan, U. Disease conditions of goats in Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Pertanika 10(2): 247-251, 1987.

Soulsby, E.J.L. Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. Bailliere Tindall, London, 1982.

Jalila, A., Dorny, P., Sani, R., Salim, N. B. and Vercruysse, J. Coccidial Infections of Goats in Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia. Veterinary Parasitology 74: 165–172, 1998.

Sheikh-Omar, A.R. and Sze, E.K. Skin condition of small ruminant animals. Malaysian Applied Biology 13:39-43, 1984.

Google maps. Sungai Ikan and Pantai Chendering, Kuala Terengganu. [Assessed on 1 October 2014].

MAFF (Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food). Manual of Veterinary Parasitological Laboratory Techniques. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, London, 1986.

Bowman, D.D. Georgis Parasitology for Veterinarians, 9th edition Elsevier, 2003.

Wall, R. and Shearer, D. Veterinary Ectoparasites: Biology, Pathology and Control, 2nd edition Blackwell Science, 2001.

Nor-Azlina, A.A., Sani, R.A. and Ariff, O.M. Anthelminthic resistance of selected goat farms in Terengganu. Journal Veterinary Malaysia 23(10): 19-23, 2011.

Chandrawathani, P., Nurulaini, R., Premaalatha, B., Zaini, C.M., Adnan, M., Zawida, Z., Rusydi, A.h. Wan, M.K. and Mohamed Zainudeen, M.H. (2011). The use of effective microbes for worm control in goats – a preliminary study. Malaysian Journal of Veterinary Research 2(2):57-60.

NSW DPI (New South Wales Department of Primary Industries). Faecal egg counts (interpretations). [Retrieved 12 Jan 2014].

Khadijah, S. A survey of anthelminthic resistance in relation to management of small ruminants in Peninsular Malaysia. MSc Thesis. Universiti Sains Malaysia, 2007.

Desta, T.S. Investigation on ectoparasites of small ruminants in selected sites of Amhara regional state and their impact on the tanning industry. MSc Thesis. Addis Ababa University, 2004.




How to Cite

Khadijah, S., Andy, T. F. H., Khadijah, S. S. A. K., Mursyidah Khairi, A. K., Nur Aida, H., & Wahab, A. R. (2014). Parasite infection in two goat farms located in Kuala Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 2(6). Retrieved from