Predictors of Health-Promoting Lifestyles
Keywords:Health-promoting lifestyles, Self-control, Family functioning, Social Resourcefulness
AbstractObjective: The purpose of this study wasto identify the predictors of health-promoting lifestyles among Koreanimmigrants through comparison with native Koreans.Design: A comparative correlationaldesign Setting: Community-based settings in theU.S. and S. KoreaParticipants: 105 Korean immigrants and87 native KoreansMeasures: Self-report questionnaires includedÂ the Personal LifestyleQuestionnaire, Brief Self-Control Scale, Family Assessment Device-GeneralFunctioning, and the Social Resourcefulness Scale.Analysis: Chi-square tests, independent t-tests, bivariatePearson correlations, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were applied.Results: Self-control, family functioning, andsocial resourcefulness between Korean immigrants and native Koreans did notdiffer. However, the mean score of health-promotinglifestyles for Korean immigrants was higher than that for native Koreans,especially in health promotion, nutrition, and safety subscales. In bothparticipant groups, health-promoting lifestyles were significantly associatedwith self-control, family functioning, and social resourcefulness. From the hierarchical multiple regression, familyfunctioning and social resourcefulness were the main predictors of Koreanimmigrantsâ€™ health-promoting lifestyles, and self-control and socialresourcefulness were the main predictors of native Koreansâ€™ health-promoting lifestyles.Conclusions:Social resourcefulness was the most common significantinfluencing predictor on health-promoting lifestyles in Koreans. Thus,strategies to provide better and more effective social resourcefulness toKorean immigrants should be a central part in plans of intervention among U.S.Koreans.
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