Predictors of Health-Promoting Lifestyles


  • Hyenam Hwang Assistant Professor, PhD, RN
  • Tracie Harrison Associate Professor, FAAN, PhD, RN


Health-promoting lifestyles, Self-control, Family functioning, Social Resourcefulness


Objective: The purpose of this study wasto identify the predictors of health-promoting lifestyles among Koreanimmigrants through comparison with native Koreans.Design: A comparative correlationaldesign Setting: Community-based settings in theU.S. and S. KoreaParticipants: 105 Korean immigrants and87 native KoreansMeasures: Self-report questionnaires included the Personal LifestyleQuestionnaire, Brief Self-Control Scale, Family Assessment Device-GeneralFunctioning, and the Social Resourcefulness Scale.Analysis: Chi-square tests, independent t-tests, bivariatePearson correlations, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were applied.Results: Self-control, family functioning, andsocial resourcefulness between Korean immigrants and native Koreans did notdiffer. However, the mean score of health-promotinglifestyles for Korean immigrants was higher than that for native Koreans,especially in health promotion, nutrition, and safety subscales. In bothparticipant groups, health-promoting lifestyles were significantly associatedwith self-control, family functioning, and social resourcefulness. From the hierarchical multiple regression, familyfunctioning and social resourcefulness were the main predictors of Koreanimmigrants’ health-promoting lifestyles, and self-control and socialresourcefulness were the main predictors of native Koreans’ health-promoting lifestyles.Conclusions:Social resourcefulness was the most common significantinfluencing predictor on health-promoting lifestyles in Koreans. Thus,strategies to provide better and more effective social resourcefulness toKorean immigrants should be a central part in plans of intervention among U.S.Koreans.

Author Biographies

Hyenam Hwang, Assistant Professor, PhD, RN

Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Donyang University, Korea.

Tracie Harrison, Associate Professor, FAAN, PhD, RN

School of Nursing, the University of Texas at Austin


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How to Cite

Hwang, H., & Harrison, T. (2016). Predictors of Health-Promoting Lifestyles. Asian Journal of Pharmacy, Nursing and Medical Sciences, 4(2). Retrieved from