Waste Management a Tool for Clean Environment in Residential Areas of Minna, Nigeria
Keywords:environment, municipal waste, residential, waste disposal, waste management
Humans need to dispose unused substances as waste. This natural cycle is beyond human control. Though waste cannot be eliminated completely, it can however be managed. Developed countries have gone a long way to manage and re-use such waste. In third world countries like India, Nigeria and other African countries, management of waste is proving a hard nut to crack.Â It is observed that many houses in Minna metropolis donâ€™t have adequate access for waste Disposal and collection when necessary. This raises a question as to how the waste generated by occupants of these houses is managed. This paper aims at assessing the current municipal waste management practices in Minna metropolis with a view to suggesting better approaches if need be. In the course of the study, observation plays a key role in identifying the problem in these areas, while structured interview of occupants is used to shed more light on the root causes of the problem(s) observed. Data gathered is collated and analyzed, and from which deductions are made. From the findings it showed that the food remnants formed the highest percentage of waste with about 50% of the wastes examined while plastics waste was at an average of 13%. Recommendations are made as to how best to manage municipal waste in residential areas of Minna, Nigeria.
Agunwamba J.C., Optimization of Solid Waste Collection System, Onitsha, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Issues 1(1): 124-135. The Development Universal Consortia. 2003.
Chen X, Geng Y, Fujita T. An overview of municipal solid waste management in China. Waste Management 30(4), 716-724, 2010.
Hazra T, Goel S. Solid waste management in Kolkata, India: Practices and challenges. Waste Management 29(1), 470-478, 2009.
Imad, A.K. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries: Future Challenges and Possible Opportunities. Integrated Waste Management, II, 2011. Retrieved from www.intechopen.com/books on 17th Nov. 2013.
Kalu C, Modugu WW, Ubochi I. Evaluation of solid waste management policy in Benin metropolis, Edo State, Nigeria. African Scientist, 10(1), 117-125, 2009.
Kum V, Sharp A, Harnpornchai N. Improving the solid waste management in Phnom Penh city: a strategic approach. Waste Management 25(1), 101-109, 2005
Manaf LA, Samah MAA, Zukki NIM. Municipal solid waste management in Malaysia: Practices and challenges. Waste Management 29(11), 2902-2906, 2009.
Ogwueleka TC. Municipal solid waste characteristics and management in Nigeria. Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering 6(3), 173-180, 2009.
Pokhrel D, Viraraghavan T. Municipal solid waste management in Nepal: practices and challenges. Waste Management 25, 555-562, 2005.
Salim CJ. 2010. Municipal solid waste management in Salaam city, Tanzania. Waste Management 30, 1430-1432.
UNDP/NISEPA.. Niger state framework for integrated sustainable waste management. Niger State Strategic Waste Management Framework. 2009
Walling, E., Walston, A., Warren, E., Warshay, B. & Wilhelm, E. Municipal Waste Management in Developing Countries: Nigeria, a Case Study 2004. Retrieved from www.2.dnr.cornell.edu/saw44/NTRES331 on 17th Nov. 2013
Yeny,D. & Yulinah, T., Solid Waste Management in Asian Developing Countries Challenges and Opportunities. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences 2(7) 329-335, 2012.
Zurbrugg, C. Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries. 2003. Retrieved from www.sanicon.net on 17th Nov. 2013
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.