Proscription as a Tool of Military Dictatorial Means of Conflict Management in Nigeria: The Case of Newswatch Magazine Proscription
Keywords:Proscription, Conflict, Resolution, Tool, Newswatch
This study is about Government â€“Media relationship. It is a fact that the media, as purveyors of information, perform certain ascribed roles and functions in the society. They provide information and keep watch on activities of the government and its functionaries, and correct uncomplimentary occurrences; they interpret information about events in the environment; they transmit knowledge, values, and social norms from generation to generation; and they also entertain their audience. In exercising these responsibilities, the media have often found themselves on collision course with the government and its functionaries, thus creating conflict. This situation is most apparent during authoritarian regimes, of which military dictatorship is the most obvious form. Nigeria and its media have experienced this. The study drew its data entirely from Secondary sources and discovered that the General Abacha led government was the most repressive of all military regimes in Nigeria, and can only be compared to General Buhariâ€™s and Babangidâ€™s clamp down on the media and its personnel.
The study shows that the media in Nigeria passed through horrible periods in the hands of military regimes beginning with the first military government to General Sani Abacha and General Ibrahim Babangida regimes. It concluded that journalists who find themselves and the mediums they work for as a party in conflict should cultivate and develop attitude, belief and power through which they will develop resilient posture for enduring pains and taking risks as demanded by journalism practice.
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