Intra-Clan Conflict between Idaâ€™gale and Habaryonis and the Role of Traditional Leaders in Pastoral Conflict Resolution in Aware District, Somali Region of Ethiopia
Keywords:Resource based conflict, Customary Law, Traditional Leaders, intra-clan Conflict, state lead conflict resolution
Traditional leaders are still very important in trying to understand conflict in pastoral areas of Somali Regional state. Such leadership can be used to resolve conflicts if they would have the chance to obtain the support and respect of the Federal, Regional as well as the local administration. The pastoral communities have great respect and trust on the traditional way of pastoral conflict resolution rather than the modem state lead conflict resolution. As a result all most all cases of intra-clan conflicts in the pastoral areas of Somali Region are resolved in a traditional way conflict resolution. The central Traditional methods of conflict resolution are the tradition of forgiveness, respect for elders Â and Â the Â transfer Â of Â resources Â as Â Mag Â or Â diya Â compensation Â payments. Informants who represent the pastoralists and elders of the District prefer traditional over modern institutions for resolving their disputes. It is conspicuous that many people opt Â for Â the Â traditional conflict Â resolution Â mechanisms Â as Â they Â have Â faith Â in Â them. Conflict resolution by the modern administration is not as such relevant because the District Â authorities Â doÂ not Â reach Â out Â to Â pastoralists Â in Â remote Â kebeles. Â Another weakness of institutions like the court or the police is that they tend to delay decisions over pending conflict cases. Another important issue is pastoralists prefer decisions on the basis of group consensus rather than a decision by an individual such as the judge. The study recommend to conduct training on conflict prevention, management and Â resolution Â for elders, traditional leaders, District administration officials and other stakeholders who involved in conflict resolution to harmonize the traditional and modern state-lead conflict resolution.
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