Human Resource Management and the Quality Education in Preparatory Schools in Harari Regional State, Ethiopia


  • Srinivas Sriranga Jigjiga University


HRM, Training & Development, Performance Appraisal, Preparatory School ( 2), Quality Education


The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of human resource management on the achievement of quality education in preparatory schools in Harari regional state. Participants of the study were 123 students of grade 11 and 12 by employing stratified random sampling techniques. Forty two teachers, five school administrators, six unit leaders and ten student council members of the two preparatory schools were included in the study. The questionnaire, interview were used for data collection. Both qualitative and quantitative data analysis methods were employed in order to infer results. The findings were; current practice of human resource management on the achievement of quality education was very poor, inadequate mobilization of the human resources, the lack of periodic, supportive and constructive staff supervision and there was a difference in achievement of the students between the public and private preparatory schools. In addition, the lack of commitment and efficiency of teachers, low library resources, absence of laboratory, no practicing the continuous assessment and supervision; and ineffective teaching-learning process were some factors contributing to the students low performance. Thus it can be generalized that the impacts of human resource management on the achievement of quality is obvious.



Aggarwal, J.C., 2004. Teacher and Education in a Developing Society. New Delhi: Vikas publishing.

Avalos, B.and Hadad, W. (1979). A Review of Teacher Effectiveness Research in Africa, India, Latin America, Middle East Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand: Synthesis of Results. Ottawa: International Development research center

Bamberger, P., and I. Meshoulam, 2000. Human Resource Strategy. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Brian Becker and Mark Huselid (1998), "High Performance Work Systems and Firm Performance: A Synthesis of Research and Managerial Implications", Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, (Greenwich: JAI Press), Vol. 16, pp. 53-101.

Brockbank, W., D. Ulrich, 2003. Competencies for the new HR: Society for Human Resource Management, University of Michigan Business School, Global Consulting Alliance.

Campbell, C., DeArmond, M., & Schumwinger, A. (2004). From bystander to ally: Transforming the district human resources department. Center on Reinventing Public Education, University of Washington.

Graeme, S., 1993. Human Resource Strategies: edited by Graeme Salaman, Sheila Cameron, Heather Hamblin, Paul Iles, Christopher Mabey and Kenneth Thompson. Great Britain: Sage publications.

Khatri N.,(1999), “Emerging issues in Strategic HRM IN Singaporeâ€, International Journal of Manpower, Vol.20,No.8,pp.516-529.

Miles, M. (1975).â€Educational Change through Teacher Development†In Adams, E. (ed), In-

MoE, 2007. Excellence in Ethiopian Schools in Improving Performance through Self-Assessment: Handbook for Guidance on Self-Assessment and School Improvement Planning. MoE: Addis Ababa.

Ngobeni, 2004. The Role of Leadership in Motivating Educators in the Zeerust District, Tshwane University Of Technology, South Africa.

Oliveira, J.B. and Farell, J.P. (1993).Teachers in Developing Countries: Improving Effectiveness and Managing Costs. Washington D.C. The World Bank

Platt, W.J. (1970). Research for Educational Planning: Notes on Emergent Needs. Paris: George Thorne

Rundle,S.J.(1997), “Flexibility , adaptiveness and responsiveness (FAR-ness) as the key success factors in market entry in the south east Asian growth wedgeâ€, PhD thesis, Department of Management, Monash University,Victoria.

Schuler Randall S.and MacMillan Ian C. (1984), “Gaining Competitive Advantage through Human Resource Management Practicesâ€, Human Resource Management, Fall 1984, Vol. 23, No. (1) 3, pp. 241-25

Schuler, R.S. and Jackson, S.E. (1987) “Linking competitive strategies with human resource management practicesâ€, Academy of Management Executive,Vol.1,No.(1) 3,pp. 207-19.

Storey, J. (ed.) (1995). ‘Human Resource Management: A Critical Text’. London: Routledge.

Tiwari, P (n.d.). ‘Human Resource Management Practices: A Comprehensive Review’, Shri Chimanbhai Patel Institute of Management & Research Ahmedabad-380051 (India) Faculty of Management Studies, Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur-313001, India

Ulrich, D., 1999. Delivering Results. A New Mandate for Human Resource Professionals, Boston, Mass: Harvard Business School Press.

Wang, G. and Z.Li, 2006. A comparison between Chinese and American Models of Human Resource Management in Higher Education Institutions, 8(4): 99-102 (in Chinese).

Xiaoping, A., 2006. Research on Human Resource Management of Colleges and Universities’ Teachers in Current China, Master’s thesis of Central China Normal University, 18-24 (in Chinese).

, X.D., 2003. Meritorious Attribution Bias: How Chinese undergraduates perceive Chinese and foreign creators, Journal of Creative Behavior, 2003, 37:88-104.




How to Cite

Sriranga, S. (2014). Human Resource Management and the Quality Education in Preparatory Schools in Harari Regional State, Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 2(1). Retrieved from