IGNOUâ€™s Educational Intervention for the Imprisoned
Keywords:ODL, jail inmates
The Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), since the past decades, has been making conscious efforts to reach out to the unreached with its diverse, need-based and affordable, Open and Distance learning (ODL) programmes and has been experimenting with various innovative ideas and methods to cater to the diverse needs of its prospective learners. The University, realizing its mandate to reach out to the unreached, ventured into educational intervention behind bars in its attempt to empower this marginalised section of the population. This intervention caters to the learning needs of both literate and semi-literate prisoners and is aimed at reformation of under trials as well as convicted prisoners; all expenditure under this initiative being borne by the University. IGNOUâ€™s approach, of imparting education to the imprisoned, falls in line with its vision and mission and with the objectives of democratizing higher education; which is the need of time.
This paper details the operationalization aspects and status of this initiative of IGNOU. The paper tries to identify the driving forces behind this noble initiative of the University while discussing on the impact of educational intervention of the imprisoned. The paper while discussing on the special/unique skills needed by educators who act as counsellors for jail inmates, stresses on the need for training of such academic counsellors. As rightly said by Skorton and Altschuler, 2013; â€œEducation, offers a humane and effective alternative to the discipline and punish approach, that all too often breeds only hopelessness and recidivismâ€.
Benard, B. 2004. â€œResiliency: What we have learnedâ€. San Francisco, CA: WestEd.
Bozos Audrey and Hausman Jessica., 2004. â€œCorrectional Education as a Crime Control Program; UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Researchâ€, Department of Policy Studies (March 2004) pp:2.
Burke, L.O. and Vivian, J.E., 2001. â€œThe Effect of College Programming on Recidivism Rates at the Hampden County House of Correction: A 5-Year Studyâ€; Journal of Correctional Education, Vol. 52, No. 5 (2001) pp: 160â€“162.
Cropley, A.J., 1980. â€œLifelong Learning and Systems of Education An Overviewâ€, in Towards a System of Lifelong Education, Cropley, A.J. (Ed), Oxford, UNESCO Institute for Education & Pergamon Press, pp: 2.
Erisman, W. and Contardo, J. B., 2005. â€œLearning to reduce recidivism: A 50-state analysis of postsecondary correctional education policyâ€ . Washington, DC: Institute for Higher Education Policy.
Govinda R., 2014, in Education for All Towards Quality with Equity India First Edition August 2014 National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA), New Delhi; Declared by the Government of India, under Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956.
Harer, M.D., 1995. â€œRecidivism Among Federal Prisonersâ€ Released in 1987, Journal of Correctional Education, Vol. 46, No. 3 (1995) pp:98â€“128.
Haulard, E.R., 2001. â€œAdult Education: A Must for Our Incarcerated Populationâ€, Journal of Correctional Education, Vol. 52, No. 4 (2001) pp:157â€“159.
IGNOU Student Handbook and Prospectus, 2012, New Delhi, IGNOU.
IGNOU, 2009. Celebrating 25th Year of Success in Open & Distance Learning 2009-2010, Vol. 1, Issue 1.
IGNOU website, www.ignou.ac.in
Langan Patrick A. and Levin David J., 2002. â€œRecidivism of Prisonersâ€ Released in 1994, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (2002).
Maiese Michelle., 2003. â€œTypes of Justice. Beyond Intractabilityâ€. Eds. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. Conflict Research Consortium, University of Colorado, Boulder. Posted: July 2003 <http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/types_of_justice/>.
Nanda Raman., 1981. â€œJails in India : An Investigationâ€, PUCL Bulletin, Nov 1981, http://www.pucl.org/from-archives/81nov/jails.htm.
Pelletier, Stephen G., 2011. â€œEducation for all Public institutions who are leaders in the democratization of higher educationâ€; on 50th anniversary Fall 2011. Media and Publications /Public Purpose Magazines/ www.aascu.org.
Piche, J., 2008. â€œBarriers to Knowledge Inside: Education in Prisons and Education on Prisonsâ€, Journal of Prisoners on Prisons, Vol. 17, No. 1 (2008) p. 10.
Porporino, F.J. and Robinson, D., 1992. â€œCan Educating Adult Offenders Counteract Recidivism?â€ Correctional Services of Canada, Research Branch (1992).
Ryan, T.A., 1991. â€œLiteracy Training and Reintegration of Offendersâ€, Journal of Correctional Education, Vol. 3, No. 1 (1991) pp:1â€“13.
Skorton David and Altschuler Glenn., 2013. â€œCollege Behind Bars: How Educating Prisoners Pays Offâ€; Education 3/25/2013 @ 5:43AM.
Thompson, G. 2010. â€œThe power of one: How you can help or harm African American studentsâ€. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.