Compressive Strength of Concrete with Recycled Concrete Aggregate as Coarse Aggregate and Recycled Paving Block Aggregate as Fine Aggregate Partially Substituted by Recycled Brick Aggregate

Idi Priyono, Meiske Widyarti, Erizal


An excessive extraction of natural resources for aggregate in concrete mix can caused an environmental degradation.  According to Indonesia ministry of industry in 2017, the use of cement is predicted will reach 84,96 million tons, that can affected the use of aggregate for concrete mix are quadruplet to 250 – 350 million tons. Opimally, the use of recycled material is green method that can reduce an excessive extraction of natural aggregates and keep an environmental sustain. The aim of this study is to obtain recycled aggregate concrete compressive strength and examine recycled aggregate concrete quality in days 3, 7, 28, 35, and 90 along with a proposal of the use of recycled aggregate concrete as a building construction material. This research used experimental method of SNI 03-2834-2002 the standard of normal concrete mix design for f’c 25 MPa then built five types of concrete mix of REC B, REC C, REC D, REC E, and REC F with every types of concrete has four sample are used for compressive strength test. The fine recycled paving block aggregate (RPA) were used partially to substituted a fine recycled brick aggregate (RBA) at 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% by weigth. The result of this study showed the mixed concrete REC D with RCA 100%, RPA 50% and RBA 50% in 28 days is generate highest compressive strength than other recycle aggregates concrete mixes. Compressive strength at 28 days in a mix codes REC B, REC C, REC D, REC E and REC F are 18,12 MPa; 18,36 MPa; 19,35 MPa;16,69 MPa; and 16,39 MPa. The results show that it is feasible to replace a natural aggregate entirely by recycled aggregates. With compressive strength over 17 MPa at 28 days, mix codes REC B, REC C and REC D are recommended to use the recycled aggregate concrete for structure of residential buildings but mix codes REC E and REC F aren’t recommended and only allowed for non-structural concrete such as separate wall (SNI 8140:2016). Based on SNI 03-0691-1996 about solid brick concrete (paving block), recycle aggregate concrete with mix code of REC B, REC C, and REC D are able to use on paving block with B quality such as parking lot. While, recycled aggregate concrete with mix code of REC E and REC F are able to use on paving block with C and D quality which used for pedestrian, garden and other use.



compressive strength, natural aggregates, recycled aggregate, SNI 8140:2016, SNI 03-0691-1996

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