Knowledge on Maternal-Fetal Transmission of HIV in Pregnant Women
Keywords:Fetus, HIV, knowledge, pregnant women
HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus affecting immune system consisting of white blood cells and lymphocytes called â€œT-4 cellâ€ or â€œCD-4 cellâ€ which fights infection. The fetus may easily contract the disease from mother with HIV and inflamed placenta. The study aimed to identify knowledge on mother-to-child transmission of HIV in pregnant women with HIV. The study design was quantitative with descriptive phenomenology approach and analysis by Colaizzi method. The study involved 9 participants. This study identified 7 themes including: 1) knowledge about HIV, 2) treatment of pregnant mothers with HIV during, 3) sources that support prevention of HIV, 4) information sources, 5) barrier in prevention, 6) how to deal with barrier, and 7) impact of HIV on fetus. Participants demonstrated inadequate level of knowledge about HIV transmission to fetus based on the identified themes. These findings may be beneficial for further studies and in development of health service programs for pregnant women, especially pregnant women with HIV.
World Health Organization, Fact Sheets on Sustainable Development Goals: Health Targets HIV, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Denmark, 2015.
World Health Organization, HIV/AIDS, Accessed from http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hiv-aids, 2017.
United Nations for AIDS, Data/Indonesia, Accessed from http://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/Indonesia, 2016.
Kementerian Kesehatan, Perkembangan HIV AIDS dan PIMS di Indonesia, Ditjen P2P, Jakarta, 2017
Kementerian Kesehatan, Situasi dan Analisis HIV AIDS, Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta, 2014.
Dzokoto, A National Report on the Progress of the United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) Declaration of Commitment on HIV and AIDS, Ghana Aids Commission, Accra, 2008.
Afrizal, Metode Penelitian Kualitatif: Sebuah Upaya Mendukung Penggunaan Penelitian Kualitatif dalam Berbagai Disiplin Ilmu, Raja Grafindo, 2015.
Agustin, Hubungan antara Riwayat ASI, Pola MP-ASI, dan Penyakit Infeksi Terhadap Status Gizi Balita Usia 6-24 Bulan, Airlangga University Library, Surabaya, 2010.
Kementerian Kesehatan, Pencegahan Penularan Ibu ke Anak (PPIA), Jakarta, 2013.
Khachatryan, H, â€œQualitative study to explore the knowledge and attitude of pregnant women regarding HIV/AIDS testing in Kotayk region and in Yerevan, Armeniaâ€, Accessed from http://aua.am/chsr/PDF/MPH/2005/HenrikKhachatryan.pdf, 2008.
Kanabus, A., & Nobel, R., â€œPreventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIVâ€, Accessed from www.aegis.com/news/ips/2004/IP040730, 2005.
Sachabe, E.V, â€œKnowledge and Attitudes of Women Regarding Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Infection in the Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga Province, South Africaâ€, in http://ul.netd.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10386/531/dissertation/sechabeev.pdf?sequence=1, 2011.
Tovio, A. â€œPerceptions and experiences of pregnant women towards HIV voluntary antenatal counselling and testing in Oshakati Hospital, Namibiaâ€, in http://etd.uwc.ac.za/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11394/1341/Toivo_MPH_2005.pdf?sequence=1, 2005.
Kumar, A. & St. John, M.A., â€œKnowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Practice Among the HIV Infected Women with Repeated Childbirths in Barbadosâ€ in http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content. , 2007.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.