Knowledge on Maternal-Fetal Transmission of HIV in Pregnant Women

Ulty Desmarnita Deswani, Paula Krisanti

Abstract


HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus affecting immune system consisting of white blood cells and lymphocytes called “T-4 cell” or “CD-4 cell” which fights infection. The fetus may easily contract the disease from mother with HIV and inflamed placenta. The study aimed to identify knowledge on mother-to-child transmission of HIV in pregnant women with HIV. The study design was quantitative with descriptive phenomenology approach and analysis by Colaizzi method. The study involved 9 participants. This study identified 7 themes including: 1) knowledge about HIV, 2) treatment of pregnant mothers with HIV during, 3) sources that support prevention of HIV, 4) information sources, 5) barrier in prevention, 6) how to deal with barrier, and 7) impact of HIV on fetus. Participants demonstrated inadequate level of knowledge about HIV transmission to fetus based on the identified themes. These findings may be beneficial for further studies and in development of health service programs for pregnant women, especially pregnant women with HIV.

 

 


Keywords


Fetus, HIV, knowledge, pregnant women

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24203/ajas.v7i3.5863

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