Navigation Safety for Marine Traffic in the Malacca Strait using AIS Data
Keywords:Navigation safety, Ship collision, Malacca Strait, AIS data
AbstractThe Malacca Strait experiences high-density vessel traffic, and therefore is a busy area with high potential for collisions. Analyses of marine traffic that reflect the real conditions of ship navigation are performed to enhance maritime traffic safety. An automatic identification system (AIS) allows for the accurate investigation of actual ship encounters, ship collisions, and sea traffic management systems. For this study, an AIS receiver installed at the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) provided AIS data, which focused on a selected area in the Malacca Strait. The 1972 International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG) guided the assessment of navigation safety based on real conditions using AIS and geographic identification systems (GIS). Based on estimates of the probability and consequence indices from a risk matrix, the time and encounter conditions determined the level of risk. This study also conducted safety measurements. The analysis indicated that ship safety would improve significantly if the vessels followed the guidelines established in this study
Thia-Eng C, Gorre IRL, Adrian Ross GS et al. (2000) The Malacca Straits. Els Sci Dir 41:160-178.
Gran S (1999) The impact of transportation on wildlife in the Malacca Straits. TED Case Studies 9(3): 573
Qu X, Meng Q, Suyi L (2011) Ship collision risk assessment for the Singapore Strait. Els Sci Dir 43:2030-2036.
Mou J, Ligteringen H, Gan L (2010) A study on collision avoidance in busy waterways by using AIS data. J of Ocean Eng, Els 37:483-490.
Pedersen PT (2002) Collision risk for fixed offshore structures close to high-density shipping lanes. J of Eng for the Mar Environ 216:29-44.
Otto S, Pedersen PT, Samuelides M (2002) Element of risk analysis for collision and grounding of a RoRo passenger ferry. J of Mar Struct 15:461-474.
Jiacai P, Qingshan, J, Jinxing, H et al (2012) An AIS data visualization model for assessing maritime traffic situation and its applications. In: Procedia Engineering, Elsevier 365-369.
Wang J, Foinikis, P (2010) Formal safety assessment of containership. Els Sci Dir 143-157.
Kobayashi E, Koshimura S, Yoneda S (2008) Guidelines for ship evacuation from tsunami attack. In: Proceedings of the International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE) 68-70.
Pitana T, Kobayashi E. (2010) Assessment of ship evacuation response to pending tsunamis. J of Mar Sci and Technol 15:242-256.
Zaman MB, Kobayashi E, Wakabayashi N et al. (2010) Usage of automatic identification system (AIS) for evaluation of marine traffic safety in the Malacca Straits. In: Proceedings of the Advance of Maritime Engineering Conference (AMEC), Singapore, 462-467.
Zaman MB, Kobayashi E, Wakabayashi N et al. (2012) Safety measure and cost benefit assessment for ship collision in the Malacca Straits using AIS data. In: Proceedings of the Japan Society of Naval Architect and Ocean Engineers Conference (JASNAOE), Kobe, 14:45-48.
Zaman MB, Kobayashi E, Wakabayashi N et al. (2011) Ship collision probability for formal safety assessment (FSA) based on AIS data in the Malacca Straits. In: Proceedings of the Asia Navigation Conference (ANC), Wuhan-China, 486-497.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.