Workplace Violence (Mobbing) the Example of A Hospital in Greece during the Economic Crisis


  • Chrysi Papadeli Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Adamantia Filippou Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Ioannis Haidemenos Saint Dimitrios Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Eydoksia Tsilakidou Saint Dimitrios Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Agisilaos Krachtis Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Chaidemenos Ioannis Saint Dimitrios Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Tselekidou Evdoxia Saint Dimitrios Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece



Ethical and psychological harassment, Mobbing, Workplace harassment, LIPT Questionnaire.


Aim: During the last decade various efforts have been made to investigate and record the "mobbing syndrome" in Greece. The present study aims to map the rates of mobbing, to determine the causes, to highlight the vulnerable groups to mobbing, to describe its expression, and to document the ways of dealing with it.

Material and method: The study used the LIPT (Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terrorization) questionnaire, which has been widely used to measure mobbing. The SPSS statistical program was used for statistical analysis and processing of the results.

Results: Out of a total of 150 questionnaires, 91 were returned correctly completed. The majority of the participants were women, mainly aged 41-45 years, graduates of universities/universities of applied sciences, married, with more than 21 years of experience. The mobbing rate recorded was 16.48%. The most frequent mobbing behavior is the statement " they often talk behind your back" 31.9%, at least once a month 30% and 79% still experience mobbing behaviors to date. Mobbing of others has been observed in 45.1%. Mobbing comes from someone higher up the hierarchy in 34.1% and is attributed to the poor organization in 27.5% and management problems in 34.1%. To deal with the phenomenon they primarily turned to colleagues 29.7%.

Conclusions: This study was an attempt to investigate and document the "mobbing syndrome" among nurses in a public hospital. The results demonstrate that mobbing behaviors are practiced in the workplace and experienced by about half of the survey population and a large proportion still experience them today.


Leymann H. (1990), Mobbing and Phycological terror at workplaces. Violence and Victims, 1990 Springer Publishing Company. 5, 2.

Leymann H. (1996), “The content and development of mobbing at work”, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 5,165-184.

Duffy M, Sperry L. (2007) Workplace mobbing: Individual and family health consequences. The Family Journal, 15,398–404.

Chappell D& Di Martino V. (2001) Global Workplace Violence. Geneva: International Labour Office. ISBN 92-2-117948-6 / 978-92-2-117948-1. Chichester: Wiley.

Olweus D.N(1993), Bullying at school: what we know and what we can do, Oxford: Blackwell., 40-41.

Brodsky C. (1976). The harassed worker. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Lexington Books, DC Health, 42-48.

Zapf D. and Gross C. (2001) Conflict escalation and coping with workplace bullying: A replication and extension. European Journal of Workplace and Organizational Psychology 10, 497-522.

Hirigoyen M.F. (2009), Ηθική παρενόχληση: Η διαστροφική βία στην καθημερινή ζωή, Αθήνα: Πατάκης (1η έκδοση 2000).

Hirigoyen, M.F. (2012) Le Harcèlement Moral. La violence perverse au quotidian. Available at: Accessed at :10/11/17

Keashly L. and Jagatic K. (2003). By any other name American perspectives on workplace bullying, in Einarsen S., Hoel H., Zapf D., and Cooper C.L. (eds.), Bullying and emotional abuse in the workplace: International perspectives in research and practice, London: Taylor Francis. 31-61.

Vartia M. (1993). Psychological harassment (bullying, mobbing) at work. In Kauppinen-Toropainen (eds.), OECD panel group on women, work and health. Helsinki-Finland.: Ministry of Social Affairs and Health,149–152.

Vartia M. (2003) Workplace bullying − a study on the work environment, well-being, and health. Faculty of Arts, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 2003. Available at: Accessed at:10/11/2017.

Andersson J. (2001). Report on harassment at work. 2001/2339 (INI). Committee on Employment and Social Affairs of the European Parliament. 2001-0283+0+ DOC+PDF+ V0//EL

Tepper B. J. (2000), Consequences of abusive supervision, Academy of Management Journal, 43(2), 178-190

Aquino K. (2000) Structural and individual determinants of workplace victimization: Hierarchical status and conflict management style effects. Journal of Management. 26,171−193.

Aquino K. and Thau S. (2009). Workplace victimization: Aggression from the target’s Perspective”, Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 717–741.

Notelaers G. (2010), “Workplace bullying: A risk control perspective”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Bergen

Ferrari E. (2004), “Raising awareness on women victims of mobbing, The Italian contribution”, Daphne program, European Commission

Khoo, S.B. (2010). Academic mobbing: Hidden health hazard at the workplace. Malaysian Family Physician, 5(2), 61-67.

Ege, H. (2007). Il Fenomeno del Mobbing: Prevenzione, Strategie, Soluzioni. Available at: Accessed at :10/11/17

Sahin B. et al (2012). «Assessment of Turkish junior male physicians’ exposure to mobbing behavior. Croatian Medical Journal

Daliana N . and Antoniou A-S(2018) Depression and suicidality as results of workplace bullying Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience & Mental Health, 1(2),50-56.

Hirigoyen M-F. (2002)Ethical Harassment in the working place, publications Pataki, Athens 350.

Τoukas D, Delichas, M., & Karageorgiou, Α. (2012) Conceptual definitions and causal factors of psychological violence at work. Their role in assessing the risk of mobbing, Archives of Greek Medicine.29(2),162-173.

Einarsen S, Raknes B I ,Matthiesen SB (1994). Bullying and harassment at work and their relations to working environment quality. An exploratory study. The European Work and Organizational Psychology, 4,381-401.

Einarsen, S, Skogstad A,Matthiesen SB (1998). Bullying, burnout, and well-being among assistant nurses. Journal of Occupational Health and Safety Australia and New Zealand, 14, 563-568.

Papadeli Ch. (2017) The burnout of Secondary Education teachers of the first availability of the Ministry of Education in the context of reform in a crisis environment: a study of attitudes, views, embodied problems and emotional disorders. Doctoral dissertation, University of Peloponnese, Corinth

Giacconi M and Di Nunzio D (2015). Violence and harassment in European workplaces: Extent, impacts, and policies. Eurofound

Ordinance of the Swedish National Board of Occupational Safety and Health containing Provisions on measures against Victimization at Work (Arbetarskyddsstyrelsens författningssamling [AFS] 1993:17) (Swed.)

European Parliament(2011). Essay according to harassment in the working environment(2001/2339 ΙΝΙ)

OSHA European Organization for Security and Health at work. (2002)Harassment in the workplace. Press of Technical EvidenceΕυρωπαϊκός 23, Available at: Accessed at 15/10/2017

Nielsen M. et al (2010) The impact of methodological moderators on prevalence rates of workplace bullying. A meta-analysis. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology,83, 955−979

Karatza et al. (2016) Workplace bullying and general health status among the nursing staff of Greek public hospitals. Annals of General Psychiatry, 15.

Chondropoulou E. (2017), The moral and psychological harassment (mobbing) of civil servants. Master's thesis, University of Macedonia Thessaloniki.

Chira S. (2014). Assessment of the presence of mobbing syndrome among health professionals working in primary health care in Cyprus. Master Thesis, Open University of Cyprus, Nicosia.




How to Cite

Papadeli, C., Filippou, A., Haidemenos, I. ., Tsilakidou, E. ., Krachtis, A. . ., Ioannis, C. . ., & Evdoxia, T. . . (2022). Workplace Violence (Mobbing) the Example of A Hospital in Greece during the Economic Crisis. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 10(1).