Workplace Violence (Mobbing) the Example of A Hospital in Greece during the Economic Crisis
Keywords:Ethical and psychological harassment, Mobbing, Workplace harassment, LIPT Questionnaire.
Aim: During the last decade various efforts have been made to investigate and record the "mobbing syndrome" in Greece. The present study aims to map the rates of mobbing, to determine the causes, to highlight the vulnerable groups to mobbing, to describe its expression, and to document the ways of dealing with it.
Material and method: The study used the LIPT (Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terrorization) questionnaire, which has been widely used to measure mobbing. The SPSS statistical program was used for statistical analysis and processing of the results.
Results: Out of a total of 150 questionnaires, 91 were returned correctly completed. The majority of the participants were women, mainly aged 41-45 years, graduates of universities/universities of applied sciences, married, with more than 21 years of experience. The mobbing rate recorded was 16.48%. The most frequent mobbing behavior is the statement " they often talk behind your back" 31.9%, at least once a month 30% and 79% still experience mobbing behaviors to date. Mobbing of others has been observed in 45.1%. Mobbing comes from someone higher up the hierarchy in 34.1% and is attributed to the poor organization in 27.5% and management problems in 34.1%. To deal with the phenomenon they primarily turned to colleagues 29.7%.
Conclusions: This study was an attempt to investigate and document the "mobbing syndrome" among nurses in a public hospital. The results demonstrate that mobbing behaviors are practiced in the workplace and experienced by about half of the survey population and a large proportion still experience them today.
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