AIDS Awareness: An Iranian Case Study at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
Keywords:AIDS, awareness, perspective about AIDS, university students
The present study aimed to assess Iranian university studentsâ€™ awareness about AIDS and their perspective on HIV-positive patients. The study also took into account the relationship between the university studentsâ€™ attitudes toward AIDS patient and their sensitivity towards AIDS. The required data for this survey study was obtained through the use of a questionnaire. The target population for the research consisted of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad university students during the 2014/2015 academic year. The questionnaire was distributed among the students and the analysis was done using Cochranâ€™s formula and stratified random sampling. Sample size consisted of 230 male and female students. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS (Version 21) software. Research findings indicated that there was a positive correlation between the studentsâ€™ awareness level and their perspective towards HIV-positive patients. In other words, with the increase of awareness about AIDS, students could gradually formulate a more positive perspective towards AIDS patients. The results also showed a negative correlation between studentsâ€™ awareness level and their sensitivity to this issue. This means that students became less sensitive to AIDS as a taboo while becoming more knowledgeable regarding AIDS. Furthermore, the achieved findings demonstrated a significant relationship between the mean of awareness level in two variables of gender and academic degree. Finally, the mean of the studentsâ€™ level of awareness about AIDS, their perspective about AIDS patients, and their sensitivity were respectively evaluated as high, high, and moderate.
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