Perceived Parental Bonding, Emotional Intelligence (EQ) and Spiritual Well-Being of Seminarians in the Diocese of Surabaya
Keywords:Perceived Parental Bonding, Emotional Intelligence (EQ), Spiritual Well-being.
This study aims to investigate the relationships of perceived parental bonding, emotional intelligence (EQ) and spiritual well-being of seminarians in the diocese of Surabaya, Indonesia, and also to examine the impact of the perceived parental bonding to the emotional intelligence (EQ) and spiritual well-being of the seminarians.
One hundred and thirty four (134) male seminarians from the three seminaries in the diocese of Surabaya were the respondents of this study. Three questionnaires â€“ÂÂ Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) of G. Parker, Hillary Tupling, and L. Brown, the Baron Emotional Intelligence (Baron-EQ:S), and the Spiritual Well-being Scale (SWBS) of Paloutzian and Ellison were administered to the respondents.
The results reveal that parental bonding is significantly correlated to emotional intelligence (EQ) and spiritual well-being. But, emotional intelligence (EQ) is not significantly correlated to spiritual well-being. Further, the results reveal that 7.6% of the total variance of the respondentsâ€™ emotional intelligence (EQ) aresignificantly affected by the perceived maternal overprotection, and 3.7% of the total variance of the respondentsâ€™ emotional intelligence are significantly affected by the perceived paternal overprotection. Meanwhile, 5.9 % of the respondentsâ€™ total variance of spiritual well-being are significantly affected by the perceived maternal care.
Perceived parental bonding significantly correlates and affects both the emotional intelligence (EQ) and spiritual well-being.
â€¢ Asghari, M.S. Besharat, M.A.,(2011).The Relationship of Perceived Parenting with Emotional Intelligence, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 30, 231â€“ 235
â€¢ Abdollahi, A., Abu Thalib, M., Motalebi, S.A. (2013). Perceived Parenting Styles and Emotional intelligence Among Iranian Boy Students, Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol. 2 No. 3
â€¢ Bahreini, M., Akaberian, S.H., Godsbin, F., Yazdankhah, F.M.R., Mohamaddi, B.M., (2012). The Effect Of Perceived parental bonding On Depression and Self-Esteem in Adolescence, Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 1
â€¢ Bar-On, Reuven, Ph.D. (2003). Bar-on Emotional intelligence Inventory: Short version Technical Manusal. USA: Multy-Health-System.
â€¢ Beck, R., Mc Donald, A., Allison, S., Norswhorty, L., (2005). Attachment to God and Parents: Testing the Correspondence vs. Compensation Hypotheses, Journal of Psychology and Christianity, Vol. 24, No. 1, 21-28
â€¢ Keuskupan Surabaya (2014).Buku Pegangan STPD Formatio 2014-2015, Seminari Tinggi Providentia Dei. Keuskupan Surabaya
â€¢ Cella, S., Lanaccone, M., Cotrufo, P., (2013). How Perceived parental bonding Affects Self-Concept and Drive For Thinness: A Community-Based Study,Eating Behaviors Journal 15:110â€“115.
â€¢ Cobb, M., Puchalschy, C., and Rumblod, B., (Eds). (2012). Oxford Text Book On Spirituality in Healthcare. Oxford University Press, p. 353-358
â€¢ Daire, Andrew, P., Turk jasmine, J., Jenifer, M., & Domingguez, Vaneza, (2012). Perceived parental bonding and Its Effect on Adolescentâ€™s Substance Use and Sexual Debut,Adultspan Journal, April 2013, Vol. 12 No.1
â€¢ Ellison, Craig, W. (1983). Spiritual Well-Being: Conceptualization and Measurement, Journal of Psychology and Theology, Vol. 11 No. 4, 230-240
â€¢ Ellison, Craig, W., Paloutzian, Raymond, F., Bufford, Roger, K. (1991), Norms Of Spiritual Well-Being Scale, Journal of Psychology and Theology, 1991, Vol. 39 No. 1: 56-70
â€¢ Feist, Jess, Feist J. Gregory, Robert, Tomo-Ann (2013). Theories of Personality, Eighth Edition, New York, Mc Graw-Hill
â€¢ Freudenstein, O., Zohar, A., Apter, A., Shoval, G., Weizman, A., Zalsman, G. (2011). Perceived parental bonding in Severely Suicidal Adolescent Inpatients, European Psychiatry 26 (2011) 504â€“507.
â€¢ Handa, H., Ito, A., Tsuda, H., Oshawa, I., & Ogawa, T., (2009). Low Level of Perceived parental bonding might be A Risk Factor Among Women with Prolonged Depression: A Preliminary Investigation, Journal compilation, Japanese society of psychiatry and neurology, 63:721-729.
â€¢ Hsu, Ya-Fen, Chen, Po-Fei, Lung Fer-Wey (2013). Perceived parental bonding and Personality Characteristics of First Episode Intention to Suicide or Deliberate Self-Harm Without a History of Mental Disorders, BMC Public Health 2013, 13:421.
â€¢ Kalaitzaki, A.E., Birtchnell, J. (2014). The Impact of Early Parenting Bonding on Young Adults' Internet Addiction, Through The Mediation Effects of Negative Relating to Others and Sadness, Addictive Behaviors 39: 733â€“736
â€¢ Kenny, M.E., Griffith, J., & Grossman, J., (2005), Self-image and Parental Attachment Among late Adolescents in Belize. Journal of adolescence 28: 649-664
â€¢ Limke, A., Mayfield, P.B., (2011).Attachment to God: Differentiating the contributions of Fathers and Mothers Using The Experiences In parental Relationship Scale, University of Central Oklahoma, Journal of Psychology and Theology, Vol. 39, No. 2, 122-129
â€¢ Mattheus, G., Moshe, Z., & Robert, R. D., (2002). Emotional intelligence, Science and Myth, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
â€¢ Mayer, J., Salovey, P., Carusdo, D. (2004). Emotional intelligence: Theory, Findings, and Implications. Psychological Inquiry, Vol. 15 no. 3, 197-215
â€¢ Meites, T. M., Ingram, R.E., Siegle, G.J., (2011). Unique and Shared Aspects of Affective Symptomatology: The Role Of Perceived parental bonding in Depression and Anxiety Symptom Profiles, Cogn Ther Res, 36:173â€“181
â€¢ Mikulincer, Mario and Shaver, Philip, R., (2008), Attachment in Adulthood: Structure, Dynamic, and Change, New York, The Guilford Press
â€¢ Miner, Maureen (2009). The impact of Child-Parent Attachment, Attachment to God, and Religious Orienation on Psychological Adjustment, Journal of Psychology and Theology 2009, Vol. 37, No. 2, 114-124
â€¢ Mitsopoulou, E., Giovazolias, T. (2013). The Relationship Between Perceived parental bonding and Bullying: The Mediating Role of Empathy, The European Journal of Counselling Psychology, Vol. 2 (1), 1â€“16, doi:10.5964/ejcop.v2i1.2
â€¢ New Zealand Treasury Working Paper, 2004, Family Formation and Policy. Retrieved November 9, 2014, from http://www.treasury.govt.nz/ /publications/research-policy/wp/2004/04-02/15.htm
â€¢ Otani, K.S., Matsumoto, Y., Sibuya, N., Sadahiro, R., Enokido, M., (2013). Parental Overprotection Engenders Dysfunctional Attitudes about Achievement and Dependency in a Gender-Specific Manner,BMC Psychiatry 2013, 13:345 doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-345
â€¢ Paloutzian, Raymond, F., & Ellison, Craig, W., (1982). Manual for the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (version 1.1), Life Advanced Inc.
â€¢ Parker, G., & Gladstone, G.L., (2005).The Role of Parenting in The Development Of Psychopathology; An Overview of Research Using A Perceived parental bonding Instrument, Journal of Psychopathology and family, Elsevier Ltd.
â€¢ Keuskupan Surabaya (2008). Pedoman Seminari Menengah St. Vincentius A Paulo Keuskupan Surabaya.Keuskupan Surabaya.
â€¢ Keuskupan Surabaya (2009). Pedoman Tahun Rohani St. Yohanes Maria Vianney. Keuskupan Surabaya
â€¢ Pickard, J.G., Nelson-Becker, H., (2011). Attachment and Spiritual Coping: Theory and Practice With Older Adults, Journal of spirituality in Mental Health, 13:138-155
â€¢ Raudino, A., Ferguson, David A., & Horwood, John L., (2013). The Quality Of Parent/Child Relationships in Adolescence is Associated With Poor Adult Psychosocial Adjustment, Journal of Adolescence 36 (2013) 331â€“340
â€¢ Reienrt, Duane, F. (2005), Spirituality, Self Representation, and Attachment to Parents, Journal of American Counseling Association, April 2005, Volume 49
â€¢ Siomos, K., Evaggelia, D., Lampron, M., (2012). Evolution of Internet Addiction in Greek Adolescent Student Over A Two-Year Period: The Impact of Perceived parental bonding, Springer-Verlag: Eur child Adolesc psychiatry21: 211-219
â€¢ Siomos, K., Floros, G., The Relationship Between Optimal Parenting, Internet Addiction and Motives for Social Networking in Adolescence, Psychiatry Research 209 (2013) 529â€“534
â€¢ Keuskupan Surabaya 2007). Tata Hidup Siswa, Seminari Menengah St. Vincentius A Paulo. Keuskupan Surabaya
â€¢ Terra, L., Hauck, S., Schestasky, S., Filipon, A.P., Sanches, P., Hirakata, V., & Ceitlin, H.L., (2009). Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Perceived parental bonding Instrument in a Brazilian female population,Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry; 43:348-354
â€¢ Thompson, Ross, A., (2008), Early Attachment and Later Development, Familiar Question, New Answer, Handbook of Attachment, New York, Guilford Press
â€¢ Valiente, C., Romero, N., Hervas, G., Espinosa, R., (2014). Evaluative Beliefs As Mediators Of The Relationship Between Perceived parental bonding and Symptoms of Paranoia and Depression, Psychiatry Research 215:75â€“81.
â€¢ Villa, Carmen Elena (2011), The Affective Formation of Seminarians, Retrived April 3, 2015, from http://www.zenit.org/en/articles/the-affective-formation-of-seminarians
â€¢ Yamawaki, N., Nelson, J.A.P, Omori, Mika (2011). Self-esteem And Life Satisfaction As Mediators Between Perceived parental bonding And Psychological Well-Being in Japanese Young Adults, International Journal of Psychology and Counselling Vol. 3 (1), pp. 1-8
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.