Perceived Parental Bonding, Emotional Intelligence (EQ) and Spiritual Well-Being of Seminarians in the Diocese of Surabaya

Stefanus Cahyono, Angelina M. Julom



This study aims to investigate the relationships of perceived parental bonding, emotional intelligence (EQ) and spiritual well-being of seminarians in the diocese of Surabaya, Indonesia, and also to examine the impact of the perceived parental bonding to the emotional intelligence (EQ) and spiritual well-being of the seminarians.


One hundred and thirty four (134) male seminarians from the three seminaries in the diocese of Surabaya were the respondents of this study. Three questionnaires –­­ Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) of G. Parker, Hillary Tupling, and L. Brown, the Baron Emotional Intelligence (Baron-EQ:S), and the Spiritual Well-being Scale (SWBS) of Paloutzian and Ellison were administered to the respondents.


The results reveal that parental bonding is significantly correlated to emotional intelligence (EQ) and spiritual well-being. But, emotional intelligence (EQ) is not significantly correlated to spiritual well-being. Further, the results reveal that 7.6% of the total variance of the respondents’ emotional intelligence (EQ) aresignificantly affected by the perceived maternal overprotection, and 3.7% of the total variance of the respondents’ emotional intelligence are significantly affected by the perceived paternal overprotection. Meanwhile, 5.9 % of the respondents’ total variance of spiritual well-being are significantly affected by the perceived maternal care.




Perceived parental bonding significantly correlates and affects both the emotional intelligence (EQ) and spiritual well-being.


Perceived Parental Bonding, Emotional Intelligence (EQ), Spiritual Well-being.

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