Tracing the Lost Treasury: Understanding the Past, the Present and the Future
Keywords:negotiation, Somaliland, Somalia, two state solutions, actors, secession, foreign relations
This study primarily attempts to shed light on the historical and legal backgrounds of Somaliland as a British Protectorate, the current Somalilandâ€“Somalia negotiations, and what to be done to make the dialogue successful. And secondarily it emphasizes the responsibilities not only the negotiating parties, but also the regional and international actors who involved the Somaliaâ€™s agony over the past two decades who are after their own national interests. The study argues that Turkey which is the chief mediator of the current Somalilandâ€“Somalia negotiations cannot serve as a neutral actor due to its foreign policy which has a pan-Muslim posture and critically against dismantling any Muslim state including Somalia. The study tries to understand why the world imagines that Somaliland does not exist and tells us much about the faults and hypocrisy of the international politics. The conclusion suggests a two state solution, not only as a way forward but also can set up friendly relations between the two countries and societies that could serve as a long-lasting peace and stability across the region.
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