Thomas Hardy and Urbanization: The Role of Determinism in <i>Tess of the Dâ€™Urbervilles</i>
Keywords:Determinism, Tess, Thomas Hardy, Industrialism, Tess of the D'Urbervilles
Thomas Â Hardy Â is Â considered Â to Â be Â a Â determinist Â mostly Â because Â his Â protagonists Â are either Â controlled Â by Â the nature Â of Â things Â or Â by Â superior Â powers. Â In Â other Â words, Â independence of Â the human Â Will Â in Â Hardy's Â fiction Â is Â hard Â to Â be Â approved Â because Â man's Â struggle Â against Â the 'Will' Â just Â leads Â to Â his Â future Â failures. Â In Â the Â present Â study, Â theÂ researchers Â depict Â how Â the Â Victorian Â author Â applies Â his Â deterministic Â views/techniques Â in Â the Tess Â of Â the Â D'Urbervilles, and how his Â portrait Â of Â the Â characters Â as Â the Â victims Â of Â heredity Â and Â environment Â exempts Â them from Â controlling Â their Â destiny. Â This Â study Â also Â investigates Â how Â nature Â and Â characters Â in Â Tess challenge Â with Â one Â another Â to Â manipulate Â the Â pre-destined Â conditions.
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