Adopting a Preparatory Strategy to Respond to Water Security Issues Arising from Geo-Hazards

Authors

  • Ed McBean University of Guelph
  • Aili Yang School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China
  • Huiyan Cheng School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China
  • YiCheng Wu School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China
  • Zheng Liu School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China
  • ZhiNeng Dai School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China
  • Haiyan Fu School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China
  • Munir Bhatti University of Guelph

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24203/ajet.v6i3.5385

Keywords:

E.-coli, Cholera, Point-of-Use, geo-hazards, Clay Water Filter, Column Filter Emergency response

Abstract

‘Geo-hazards’ is a collective term to describe hazards causing huge problems with human settlements, where the hazards are many and varied, including earthquakes, floods, windstorms, and drought, all of which are intensifying over time in large part due to climate change and population growth.  In particular, issues of availability of ‘safe’ water are major disruptive elements frequently causing widespread incidence of diarrheal diseases both during and post, geo-hazard events. In response, arguments are described which demonstrate ceramic water filters (CWFs) have credible potential to effectively remove E.-coli (and, by similar attribute characterization), are effective in the removal of cholera. Field experience in terms of removal have been demonstrated as 94.7% removal of E-coli and all users in some applications have expressed interest in continuing use of ceramic filters beyond the trial period. Arguments are put forth, for CWFs as a Point-of-Use (POU) technology by which they can be stored and rapidly disseminated given occurrence of geo-hazards, thereby providing the opportunity to respond quickly. CWFs can be effectively stored without deterioration, are inexpensive, and easy to train recipients for their post-geo-hazard occurrence.

Author Biographies

Ed McBean, University of Guelph

Edward A. McBean, Ph.D., P.Eng., P.E., FCAE, D.WRE., FCSCE, FEIC, FIAH.

Professor, Water Resources Engineering

University of Guelph Research Leadership Chair Professor, Water Supply Security

College of Engineering and Physical Sciences

University of Guelph

Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G2W1

1-519-824-4120 ext 53923

Website: www.uoguelph.ca/~emcbean

Zheng Liu, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China

School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China

Munir Bhatti, University of Guelph

School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

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Published

2018-08-18

How to Cite

McBean, E., Yang, A., Cheng, H., Wu, Y., Liu, Z., Dai, Z., Fu, H., & Bhatti, M. (2018). Adopting a Preparatory Strategy to Respond to Water Security Issues Arising from Geo-Hazards. Asian Journal of Engineering and Technology, 6(3). https://doi.org/10.24203/ajet.v6i3.5385

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